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Global Financial Stability Report, October 2016

Fostering Stability in a Low-Growth, Low-Rate Era

The current report finds that short-term risks to global financial stability have abated since April 2016.

Climate Mitigation in China
			: Which Policies Are Most Effective?

Climate Mitigation in China : Which Policies Are Most Effective? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Baoping Shang , Philippe Wingender , Nate Vernon , and Tarun Narasimhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475574524.001

ISBN: 9781475574524

Keywords: Paris Agreement, carbon tax, China, air pollution, coal tax, emissions trading, incidence, welfare effects

For the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, China pledged to reduce the carbon dioxide (CO2) intensity of GDP by 60-65 percent below 2005 levels by 2030. This paper develops a practical spreadsheet tool for eva...

Solomon Islands
			: Economic Development Documents- Medium-Term Development Plan, 2016-20

Solomon Islands : Economic Development Documents- Medium-Term Development Plan, 2016-20 »

Volume/Issue: 2016/91

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484304303.002

ISBN: 9781484304303

Keywords: environment, land, economic growth, resources, fisheries

This report describes Solomon Islands' macroeconomic, structural, and social policies in support of growth and poverty reduction, as well as associated external financing needs and major source of financing. Solomo...

Bangladesh
			: Progress Report-Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Bangladesh : Progress Report-Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2015/305

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513530451.002

ISBN: 9781513530451

Keywords: environment, environmental, climate change, trade, debt

This paper discusses progress on Sixth Five Year Plan (2011-15) of Bangladesh. For the broad picture of performance of the Sixth Plan during the first three years in terms of achieving major development targets rel...

Enhancing Macroeconomic Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific

Enhancing Macroeconomic Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific »

Volume/Issue: 2015/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ezequiel Cabezon , Leni Hunter , Patrizia Tumbarello , Kazuaki Washimi , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513525792.001

ISBN: 9781513525792

Keywords: natural disasters, climate change, panel VAR, disaster risk management, disasters, disaster, natural disaster, damage, Environment and Growth, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Natural disasters and climate change are interrelated macro-critical issues affecting all Pacific small states to varying degrees. In addition to their devastating human costs, these events damage growth prospects...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending
			: Theory and Evidence

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475580747.001

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Malaysia
			: Selected Issues

Malaysia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/59

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498345767.002

ISBN: 9781498345767

Keywords: oil, energy, prices, gas

This Selected Issues paper examines the implications of lower crude oil prices on Malaysia's economy. Although Malaysia's net oil exports are now very small as a share of GDP, its gas exports are sizeable. The pape...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498358279.001

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

China's Economy in Transition
			: From External to Internal Rebalancing

China's Economy in Transition : From External to Internal Rebalancing »

Series: Books

Author(s): Anoop Singh , Malhar Nabar , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303931.071

ISBN: 9781484303931

Keywords: current account, real interest rate, financial reform, real estate, current account surplus

China's current account surplus has declined to around one-quarter the peak reached before the global financial crisis. While this is a major reduction in China's external imbalance, it has not been accompanied by...

Energy Subsidy Reform
			: Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558111.071

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Finance and Development, September 2013

Finance and Development, September 2013 »

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484353653.022

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...