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Norway
			: Selected Issues

Norway : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/250

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513503165.002

ISBN: 9781513503165

Keywords: oil, gas, oil and gas, oil prices, gas sector

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Norway's economy that has a maturing oil and gas industry. Norway's half century of good fortune from its oil and gas wealth may have peaked. Oil and gas production will continue...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
			: Selected Issues

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513551395.002

ISBN: 9781513551395

Keywords: Export competitiveness, Export performance, Fiscal policy, Fiscal sustainability, Selected Issues Papers, Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of, environment, trade, incentives, values

This Selected Issues paper analyzes export competitiveness in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYR Macedonia). Export performance in FYR Macedonia has been strong over the last decade, critically contribu...

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment
			: What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment : What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market »

Volume/Issue: 2015/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman , Ara Stepanyan , Jessie Yang , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552170.001

ISBN: 9781513552170

Keywords: Export integration, structural reform, supply chain, new member states, environment, trade, incentives, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

How do countries enhance their exports of goods in a largely tariff-free environment? Our investigation of export performance of new member states in the European Union single market, which provides a natural contr...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending
			: Theory and Evidence

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475580747.001

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Two approaches to pricing pollution

Two approaches to pricing pollution »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elina Berghäll , Christina van Breugel , Mattias Enggaard , Jes Erik Jessen , Christopher Sköld , and Ulrika Stavlöt

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327220

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Cap and Trade Method, Pricing Pollution, Average Abatement Cost, Working Group on Environment and Economy (MEG), Working Group for SCP (HKP), Nordic Council of Ministers

In comparison is the commonly used Cap and Trade method with an alternative and novel method for pricing pollution: The aim was to conduct a practical approach to clarify advantages and challenges of the respective...

Reducing Climate Impact from Fisheries
			: A Study of Fisheries Management and Fuel Tax Concessions in the Nordic Countries

Reducing Climate Impact from Fisheries : A Study of Fisheries Management and Fuel Tax Concessions in the Nordic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nguyen Ngoc Duy , Hans Ellefsen , Ola Flaaten , Jónas Hallgrimsson , Cecilia Hammarlund , Øystein Hermansen , John R. Isaksen , Marko Lindroos , Max Nielsen , Anton Paulrud , Fredrik Salenius , Daniel Schütt , and Staffan Waldo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327831

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Impact from Human Activities, Global Warming, Marine Ecosystems, Economic Performance, Imposing Management Instruments, Efficient Fleets

Few doubt the impact from human activities on global warming and the negative consequences of rising temperatures for both terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Efficient policy instruments are needed to change the de...

The land-use sector within the post-2020 climate regime

The land-use sector within the post-2020 climate regime »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Streck Charlotte , Eduard Merger , Charlie Parker , Timm Tennigkeit , and Andreas Wilkes

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327510

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Land-use Sector, Climate Regime, Coherent Vision, Climate Treaty, Integrated Accounting, Climate Focus

The land-use sector serves key environmental and social functions and supports the livelihoods of around a half of the world's population. Despite its importance, however, the climate regime fails to formulate a co...

Practical Methods for Assessing Private Climate Finance Flows

Practical Methods for Assessing Private Climate Finance Flows »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nella Canales Trujillo , Mikko Halonen , Julia Illman , and Shelagh Whitley

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327022

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Climate Finance Commitment, Developing Countries, Climate Action, Three Nordic Case Studies, Mobilising Private Investment, Finance Landscape

In spite of the climate finance commitment by the developed countries to mobilise jointly 100 billion USD per year by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries from a wide variety of sources, there is no cl...

Nordic Climate Policy
			: A Case Study on Efficient Policy Measures

Nordic Climate Policy : A Case Study on Efficient Policy Measures »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327558

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, GHG Emissions, Terms of a Good Environment, Climate Policies, World Resources Institute, Story of Climate Policy, International Network

The Nordic countries are often seen as green both in terms of a good environment and being capable of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This report is concerned with the development in GHG emissions over tim...

Fisheries Management and Global Warming
			: Effects of climate change on fisheries in the Arctic region of the Nordic countries

Fisheries Management and Global Warming : Effects of climate change on fisheries in the Arctic region of the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Arne Eide , Ann-Christin Ese , and Alf Håkon Hoel

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327299

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, FIMAGLOW, Global Warming, Arctic Fisheries, MaReMA Centre, Norwegian College, Fisheries Science

The FIMAGLOW project is a Nordic project with the aim to study possible drivers and impacts of global warming on Arctic fisheries. Two workshops has been held, serving to identify the relevant set of institutions a...