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Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies
			: Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies : Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments »

Volume/Issue: 2012/289

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Christos Kotsogiannis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552942.001

ISBN: 9781475552942

Keywords: Environmental taxation, cap-and-trade, Pareto efficiency, border tax adjustments, carbon taxes, border tax, trade policies, trade taxes, Trade and Environment, General,

This paper explores the role of trade instruments in globally efficient climate policies, focusing on the central issue of whether some form of border tax adjustment (BTA) is warranted when carbon prices differ int...

Environmental Tax Reform
			: Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date »

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505283.001

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

Growth Spillover Dynamics From Crisis to Recovery

Growth Spillover Dynamics From Crisis to Recovery »

Volume/Issue: 2011/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helene Poirson Ward , and Sebastian Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463903510.001

ISBN: 9781463903510

Keywords: Growth, Crisis, Recovery, Euro zone, domestic demand, trade channels, transmission of shocks, external shocks,

Can positive growth shocks from the faster-growing countries in Europe spill over to the slower growing countries, providing useful tailwinds to their recovery process? This study investigates the potential relevan...

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Weber , and Anna Ivanova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902315.001

ISBN: 9781463902315

Keywords: coordinated fiscal exit, fiscal changes, fiscal consolidation, fiscal measure, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, And General Outlook, general Aggregative Models,

The paper assesses the impact of fiscal spillovers on growth in the context of a coordinated exit from crisis management policies. We find that despite potentially sizeable domestic effects from consolidation, aggr...

Germany
			: Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC)

Germany : Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) »

Volume/Issue: 2011/170

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455299744.002

ISBN: 9781455299744

Keywords: risk management, supervisory authorities, supervisory framework, market participants, banking supervision

This paper presents the report on observance of standards and codes (ROSC) for the financial sector prepared in connection with the financial sector assessment program (FSAP). The FSAP covers the Basel Core Princip...

Germany
			: 2011 Article IV Consultation:  Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany

Germany : 2011 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany »

Volume/Issue: 2011/168

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455296729.002

ISBN: 9781455296729

Keywords: commercial banks, credit cooperatives, domestic demand, unemployment rate, domestic investment

Germany's economic growth and recovery from the global crisis are explained in this study. Tax, education, and innovation policies are specific measures supported by the authorities. External and financial shocks r...

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies »

Volume/Issue: 2010/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210794.001

ISBN: 9781455210794

Keywords: pension, retirement, health care, retirement age, Structure and Scope of Government: Other, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Deficit Surplus

With a modest recovery in the global economy underway, and amid rising concerns about the sharp increase in government debt in several countries, debate has increasingly focused on the need to identify and implemen...

Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead

Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455280490.089

ISBN: 9781455280490

Keywords: net debt, public debt, fiscal adjustment, government debt, debt ratios

With increasing fiscal challenges in the aftermath of the global financial crisis, multilateral surveillance of fiscal developments, a key part of the IMF's surveillance responsibilities, has gained further importa...

Germany
			: Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Germany : Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism »

Volume/Issue: 2010/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451981810x.002

ISBN: 9781451981810

Keywords: law enforcement, money laundering, legal assistance, professional secrecy, competent authorities

This Detailed Assessment Report reviews antimoney laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) measures for Germany. The report reveals that Germany has introduced a number of measures in recent ye...

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks
			: Will They Counteract the 'Great Moderation'?

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks : Will They Counteract the 'Great Moderation'? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Alina Carare

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982213.001

ISBN: 9781451982213

Keywords: Output growth volatility, vertical specialization, output growth, domestic shocks, global trade,

Even prior to the extreme volatility just observed, output growth volatility-following protracted decline-was flattening or mildly rising in some countries. More widespread was an increasing tendency from the mid-1...