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Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment
			: What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment : What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market »

Volume/Issue: 2015/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman , Ara Stepanyan , Jessie Yang , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552170.001

ISBN: 9781513552170

Keywords: Export integration, structural reform, supply chain, new member states, environment, trade, incentives, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

How do countries enhance their exports of goods in a largely tariff-free environment? Our investigation of export performance of new member states in the European Union single market, which provides a natural contr...

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment »

Source: Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment : What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market

Volume/Issue: 2015/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman , Ara Stepanyan , Jessie Yang , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2015

ISBN: 9781513552170

Keywords: Export integration, structural reform, supply chain, new member states, environment, trade, incentives, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

How do countries enhance their exports of goods in a largely tariff-free environment? Our investigation of export performance of new member states in the European Union single market, which provides a natural contr...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending
			: Theory and Evidence

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475580747.001

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Appendix 1. Reforming Energy Subsidies

Appendix 1. Reforming Energy Subsidies »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

IMF (2013a), which presents estimates of energy subsidies for 176 countries. It also discusses how to undertake energy subsidy reform, drawing on insights from 22 country case st...

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks »

Source: Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks : How and Why Do Countries Differ?

Volume/Issue: 2012/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , and Yulia Ustyugova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510249

Keywords: pass-through, Phillips curve, central bank, inflationary impact, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

This paper relates the inflationary impact of commodity price shocks across countries to a broad range of structural characteristics and policy frameworks over the period 2001-2010, using several approaches. The an...

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks
			: How and Why Do Countries Differ?

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks : How and Why Do Countries Differ? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , and Yulia Ustyugova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510249.001

ISBN: 9781475510249

Keywords: pass-through, Phillips curve, central bank, inflationary impact, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

This paper relates the inflationary impact of commodity price shocks across countries to a broad range of structural characteristics and policy frameworks over the period 2001-2010, using several approaches. The an...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350024.044

ISBN: 9781616350024

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, direct investment, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Zero Corporate Income Tax in Moldova

Zero Corporate Income Tax in Moldova »

Source: Zero Corporate Income Tax in Moldova : Tax Competition and Its Implications for Eastern Europe

Volume/Issue: 2008/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcin Piatkowski , and Mariusz Jarmuzek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870619

Keywords: corporate tax, tax coordination, corporate tax rates, tax revenue, Moldova, Republic of,

Global economic integration intensified tax competition and raised concerns about the resulting "race to the bottom", which could undermine public investment and social spending. The aim of this paper is to test pr...

Zero Corporate Income Tax in Moldova
			: Tax Competition and Its Implications for Eastern Europe

Zero Corporate Income Tax in Moldova : Tax Competition and Its Implications for Eastern Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2008/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcin Piatkowski , and Mariusz Jarmuzek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870619.001

ISBN: 9781451870619

Keywords: corporate tax, tax coordination, corporate tax rates, tax revenue, Moldova, Republic of,

Global economic integration intensified tax competition and raised concerns about the resulting "race to the bottom", which could undermine public investment and social spending. The aim of this paper is to test pr...