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World Economic Outlook, April 2008
			: Housing and the Business Cycle

World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067196.081

ISBN: 9781589067196

Keywords: commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

The global expansion is losing speed in the face of a major financial crisis. The slowdown has been greatest in the advanced economies, particularly in the United States, where the housing market correction continu...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Volume/Issue: 2012/001

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352684.081

ISBN: 9781616352684

Keywords: Africa, Asia, Banking sector, Budget deficits, Capital account, Capital inflows, Central banks, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Consumption

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased wi...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351298.086

ISBN: 9781616351298

Keywords: Economic recovery, Energy prices, Commodity prices, Economic forecasting, Economic conditions, Spillovers, South Sudan, Regional Economic Outlook, Foreign direct investment, Monetary policy

The Arab Spring holds the promise of improved living standards and a more prosperous future for the peoples of the Middle East and North Africa region. At the same time, the region is witnessing uncertainty and eco...

Monetary Policy Transmission in Ghana

Monetary Policy Transmission in Ghana »

Source: Monetary Policy Transmission in Ghana : Does the Interest Rate Channel Work?

Volume/Issue: 2011/275

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arto Kovanen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463925314

Keywords: monetary policy transmission, interest rates, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, money market, Money And Interest Rates,

This paper analyzes interest rate pass-through in Ghana. Time series and bank-specific data are utilized to highlight linkages between policy, wholesale market, and retail market interest rates. Our analysis shows...

Interview with Daniel Citrin: Investment climate holds Indonesia’s future

Interview with Daniel Citrin: Investment climate holds Indonesia’s future »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 11

Volume/Issue: 32/11

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451931440

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, central banks, interest, interest rates

Against a background of the continuing effects of the sharp declines in recent years in global equity markets, widening output gaps, and weak business and consumer confidence, concerns about deflation in both indus...

Fiscal Policy and Interest Rates

Fiscal Policy and Interest Rates »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Interest Rates : How Sustainable Is The 'New Economy'?

Volume/Issue: 2006/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863727

Keywords: international reserves, inflation, long-term interest rates, monetary fund, monetary policy

This paper explores the determinants of long-term government bond yields in the Group of Seven (G-7) economies and analyzes the factors that could explain the conundrum of very low rates in the face of a variety of...

Macroeconomic and Financial Policies for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review of the Literature

Macroeconomic and Financial Policies for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review of the Literature »

Source: Macroeconomic and Financial Policies for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review of the Literature

Volume/Issue: 2019/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Signe Krogstrup , and William Oman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513511955

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Financial crises, Central banking and monetary issues, Economic conditions, Financial management, climate change, fiscal policy, monetary policy, financial policy, policy framework

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of this century. Mitigation requires a large-scale transition to a low-carbon economy. This paper provides an overview of the rapidly growing literature on the role...

Government Spending Effects in a Policy Constrained Environment

Government Spending Effects in a Policy Constrained Environment »

Source: Government Spending Effects in a Policy Constrained Environment

Volume/Issue: 2020/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruoyun Mao , and Shu-Chun Susan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2020

ISBN: 9781513546797

Keywords: Economic conditions, Financial crises, Real interest rates, Business cycles, Economic sectors, government spending effects, fiscal multiplier, regime-switching policy, monetary and fiscal policy interaction, nonlinear New Keynesian models

The theoretical literature generally finds that government spending multipliers are bigger than unity in a low interest rate environment. Using a fully nonlinear New Keynesian model, we show that such big multiplie...

The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment in Weak(er) Institutional Environments

The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment in Weak(er) Institutional Environments »

Source: The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment in Weak(er) Institutional Environments

Volume/Issue: 2010/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , and Sophia Gollwitzer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

ISBN: 9781455205233

Keywords: Macroeconomic Commitment Institutions, Political-Economic Institutions, inflation, central bank, monetary fund, monetary union, The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy, Other Economic Systems: Other

This paper analyzes the institutional conditions affecting the establishment and effectiveness of independent central banks and of budgetary institutions. It draws on the recent theory developed by North, Wallis an...