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Votingon the "Optimal" Size of Government

Votingon the "Optimal" Size of Government »

Source: Votingon the "Optimal" Size of Government

Volume/Issue: 2000/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jan-Peter Olters

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2000

ISBN: 9781451858686

Keywords: Party programs, median delegates, elections, public goods, political parties, political party, voters, election, voting

Viewing fiscal policies as the outcome of democratically resolved conflicts of households over public goods and taxes, the “economic model of politics” proposes a public choice approach, which does no...

Hold Your Nose and Vote

Hold Your Nose and Vote »

Source: Hold Your Nose and Vote : Why Do Some Democracies Tolerate Corruption?

Volume/Issue: 2009/83

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Pani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872309

Keywords: Political Equilibrium, Public Expenditure, Constitution, voter, law, law enforcement, voters, election,

This paper analyses why corruption can persist for long periods in a democracy and inquires whether this can result from a well-informed rational choice of the citizens. By applying a citizen-candidate model of rep...

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction Many studies have stressed the fiscal cost and environmental impact of energy subsidies (see, for example, IEA 2011; IMF 2013a; Parry and others 2014; and World Bank 201...

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence »

Source: Trade Integration and Political Turbulence : Environmental Policy Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2001/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451856965

Keywords: political instability, lobbying, uncertainty, environmental regulations, environmental policy, trade integration, environmental policies, economic integration, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

This paper seeks to contribute to the unresolved issue of the effect of economic integration on environmental policy. In particular, we discuss the joint impact of trade openness and political uncertainty. Our theo...

The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection

The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection »

Source: The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection

Volume/Issue: 2002/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451846850

Keywords: Property Rights, Rule of Law, and Environmental Policy, law, environmental policy, environmental tax, environmental stringency, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

We develop and test a theory of the rule of law and environmental policy formation. In our model an increase in the degree of rule of law has two opposing partial effects on environmental policy: first, a greater s...

Votingon the "Optimal" Size of Government

Votingon the "Optimal" Size of Government »

Volume/Issue: 2000/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jan-Peter Olters

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858686.001

ISBN: 9781451858686

Keywords: Party programs, median delegates, elections, public goods, political parties, political party, voters, election, voting

Viewing fiscal policies as the outcome of democratically resolved conflicts of households over public goods and taxes, the “economic model of politics” proposes a public choice approach, which does no...

Hold Your Nose and Vote
			: Why Do Some Democracies Tolerate Corruption?

Hold Your Nose and Vote : Why Do Some Democracies Tolerate Corruption? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/83

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Pani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872309.001

ISBN: 9781451872309

Keywords: Political Equilibrium, Public Expenditure, Constitution, voter, law, law enforcement, voters, election,

This paper analyses why corruption can persist for long periods in a democracy and inquires whether this can result from a well-informed rational choice of the citizens. By applying a citizen-candidate model of rep...

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence
			: Environmental Policy Consequences

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence : Environmental Policy Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2001/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856965.001

ISBN: 9781451856965

Keywords: political instability, lobbying, uncertainty, environmental regulations, environmental policy, trade integration, environmental policies, economic integration, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

This paper seeks to contribute to the unresolved issue of the effect of economic integration on environmental policy. In particular, we discuss the joint impact of trade openness and political uncertainty. Our theo...

The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection

The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection »

Volume/Issue: 2002/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846850.001

ISBN: 9781451846850

Keywords: Property Rights, Rule of Law, and Environmental Policy, law, environmental policy, environmental tax, environmental stringency, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

We develop and test a theory of the rule of law and environmental policy formation. In our model an increase in the degree of rule of law has two opposing partial effects on environmental policy: first, a greater s...