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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759429.084

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Since the early 1990s, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made significant progress in opening their economies to external competition through trade and currency liberalization. This paper analyzes trade and...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Since the early 1990s, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made significant progress in opening their economies to external competition through trade and exchange liberalization, often in...

II Eastern and Southern Africa: Broad Characteristics of the Region

II Eastern and Southern Africa: Broad Characteristics of the Region »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

The 22 eastern and southern African countries covered in this study vary considerably in population, size, and economic profile (Table 2.1). Population size varies from fewer than 80,000 people...

III Trade Liberalization by ESA Countries During the 1990s

III Trade Liberalization by ESA Countries During the 1990s »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Unilateral Liberalization in Goods In the early 1990s, reflecting the inward-looking development policies adopted in previous decades, the trade and exchange regimes of most countrie...

IV Regional Integration

IV Regional Integration »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Preferential Liberalization in Goods During the 1990s, in addition to the Cross-Border Initiative, countries in eastern and southern Africa embarked on a number of bilateral and regi...

V The External Environment and Trade Developments

V The External Environment and Trade Developments »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

External Environment ESA countries faced changes in their external environment in the 1990s, caused by the increasing trend toward globalization and worldwide trade liberalization, m...

VI Macroeconomic Aspects of Trade Liberalization

VI Macroeconomic Aspects of Trade Liberalization »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

This section deals with two questions: whether initial macroeconomic conditions influenced the extent of trade liberalization during the 1990s, and whether trade liberalization was associated in...

VII Trade Policy Issues Ahead

VII Trade Policy Issues Ahead »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

In coming years, ESA countries will be affected by the ongoing trend of trade liberalization at the regional level (Table 7.1). The EU-South Africa free trade agreement (EU-SA FTA) will also hav...

De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China

De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China »

Source: De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China

Volume/Issue: 2012/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashvin Ahuja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502275

Keywords: Aggregate Productivity, monopoly, tfp, gdp per capita, competitive equilibrium, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth And Aggregate Productivity,

During the past decade, the average Chinese earns roughly 9 times less and is 10 times less productive than the average American at purchasing power parity. Current consensus attributes large differences in output...

Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues From the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Former Soviet Union Countries

Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues From the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Former Soviet Union Countries »

Source: Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues From the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Former Soviet Union Countries

Volume/Issue: 1998/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dale Gray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

ISBN: 9781451845235

Keywords: petroleum, natural resources, regulation, energy, natural monopoly, taxation, oil and gas, tax burden, gas sector, oil sector

This paper examines the level and structure of fiscal revenues from the Baltics, Russia, and other former Soviet Union countries’ (BRO) energy sector and suggests reforms in energy tax policy. Revenues from...