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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754868.084

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Sweden's economy in the early 1990s has been characterized by a deep recession, high unemployment, a ballooning public sector budgete deficit, and a decline in the value of the currency- developments that have rais...

Straight Talk: Age of Austerity: Advanced economies face a harsh environment as they chart a course to balanced budgets and lower debt

Straight Talk: Age of Austerity: Advanced economies face a harsh environment as they chart a course to balanced budgets and lower debt »

Source: Finance & Development, June 2012

Volume/Issue: 49/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2012

ISBN: 9781451922202

Keywords: monetary fund, recession, financial crisis, global recession

Five years after the first stirrings of the crisis, some countries have recovered, but others are still struggling. F&D looks at the world today and sees a complex and mixed picture for the future of the world econ...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Sweden’s macroeconomic performance in the early 1990s differed in a number of fundamental respects from its performance during most of the postwar period. Distinctive features of macroeconomic developments i...

II Recession and Recovery in the 1990s

II Recession and Recovery in the 1990s »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

After almost a decade of expansion in the 1980s, the Swedish economy entered into a deep recession beginning in the first quarter of 1990. The cumulative decline in output during this recession, which lasted...

III The Swedish Labor Market

III The Swedish Labor Market »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

This section describes the main features of the Swedish labor market. The main trends in the labor market are first outlined, focusing on developments during the 1990s. This is followed by an evaluation of t...

IV Public Finances, Adjustment Programs, and Debt Dynamics

IV Public Finances, Adjustment Programs, and Debt Dynamics »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Over the past few years, Sweden’s overall public finances deteriorated sharply from a large surplus as late as 1990 to an estimated deficit of 10 ½ percent of GDP in 1994. As discussed below, factors underly...

V Social Security in Sweden

V Social Security in Sweden »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

After decades of expansion, reform of the social security system in Sweden has become the focus of attention as a result of the country’s overall budget crisis since the early 1990s. Although the need for pe...

VI Generational Accounts for Sweden

VI Generational Accounts for Sweden »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

This section provides an alternative perspective on the stance of fiscal policy in Sweden. In particular, it utilizes generational accounting to assess in part the extent to which policies adopted in Novembe...

VII External Trade and the Aftermath of the 1992 Devaluation

VII External Trade and the Aftermath of the 1992 Devaluation »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

The 1992 devaluation of the Swedish krona fundamentally altered the trading circumstances of the Swedish economy. It did so in much the same manner as did the devaluations of other European economies followi...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Sweden's economy in the early 1990s has been characterized by a deep recession, high unemployment, a ballooning public sector budgete deficit, and a decline in the value of the currency- developments that have rais...