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Climate Change and Energy Systems
			: Impacts, Risks and Adaptation in the Nordic and Baltic countries

Climate Change and Energy Systems : Impacts, Risks and Adaptation in the Nordic and Baltic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Halldór Björnsson , and Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289321907

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Renewable Energy, Global Energy Consumption, Fossil Fuel, Forest Growth Data, Global Circulation Models, Energy Sector

Renewable energy sources contribute 16% of the global energy consumption and most nations are working to increase the share of renewables in their total energy budget, to reduce the dependence on fossil fuel source...

Efficient strategy to support renewable energy
			: Integration in overall climate and energy security policies

Efficient strategy to support renewable energy : Integration in overall climate and energy security policies »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elin Bergman , Martin Bo Hansen , Helge Sigurd Næss-Schmidt , and Patrik Söderholm

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325691

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Renewable Energy, Climate Change, Energy Security, Low Carbon Technologies, Nordic Council, Copenhagen Economics

This report reviews how the Nordic countries can develop a strategy for renewable energy that delivers efficiently on the two underlying policy objectives of climate change and energy security challenges. The overa...

Publikation: Carbon leakage from a Nordic perspective

Publikation: Carbon leakage from a Nordic perspective »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Martin Bo Hansen , Sigrud Næss-Schmidt , and Jens Sand Kirk

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289323055

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Price of Emitting CO2, EU Level, Emission Trading Scheme (ETS), ETS Price, Electricity to Finance Renewable Energy Investments, Transport Costs

Increasing the price of emitting CO2 into the atmosphere is a forceful instrument. At the EU level, this is pursued through the common Emission Trading Scheme (ETS). At the national level, the ETS price is compleme...

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Supply for the G-7 Countries, with Emphasis on Germany

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Supply for the G-7 Countries, with Emphasis on Germany »

Source: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Supply for the G-7 Countries, with Emphasis on Germany

Volume/Issue: 2007/299

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868623

Keywords: Renewable energy, biofuels, energy efficiency, carbon emissions., renewables, carbon emissions, fossil fuels

This paper discusses structure, impact, costs, and efficiency of renewable energy supply in the eight largest advanced economies (the G-7 plus Spain), with focus on Germany. Renewables production costs are compared...

Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment

Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment »

Source: Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment

Volume/Issue: 2011/296

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Changchang Zhang , Abdoul Wane , and Benedict Clements

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2011

ISBN: 9781463927301

Keywords: crude oil, fossil fuel, renewable energy, carbon emissions, fossil fuels, Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources, Energy: General, Alternative Energy Sources, Renewable Resources And Conservation,

This paper fills a gap in the macroeconomic literature on renewable sources of energy. It offers a definition of green investment and analyzes the trends and determinants of this investment over the last decade for...

Forestry Taxation in Africa

Forestry Taxation in Africa »

Source: Forestry Taxation in Africa : The Case of Liberia

Volume/Issue: 2005/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Saji Thomas , and Arnim Schwidrowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451861754

Keywords: forest, forestry sector, forests, forest management, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, Economywide Country Studies: Africa, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Forestry,

Countries generally tax the forestry sector to achieve the twin objectives of revenue maximization and sustainability of logging levels. In an ideal world of perfect markets and information, auctions would be the b...

Economic and Environmental Benefits of Eliminating Log Export Bans-The Case of Costa Rica

Economic and Environmental Benefits of Eliminating Log Export Bans-The Case of Costa Rica »

Source: Economic and Environmental Benefits of Eliminating Log Export Bans-The Case of Costa Rica

Volume/Issue: 2001/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nalin Kishor , Muthukumara Mani , and Luis Constantino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451857153

Keywords: trade and environment, log export ban (LEB), sustainable management, forest, forests, environmental benefits, environmental costs, timber trade, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Forestry, Log Export Ban

An increasing number of tropical timber producing nations have enacted bans on export of logs. Proponents argue that a log export ban is a second-best policy tool for addressing environmental externalities; it also...

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence »

Source: Trade Integration and Political Turbulence : Environmental Policy Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2001/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451856965

Keywords: political instability, lobbying, uncertainty, environmental regulations, environmental policy, trade integration, environmental policies, economic integration, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

This paper seeks to contribute to the unresolved issue of the effect of economic integration on environmental policy. In particular, we discuss the joint impact of trade openness and political uncertainty. Our theo...

The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection

The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection »

Source: The Rule of Law and the Pattern of Environment Protection

Volume/Issue: 2002/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451846850

Keywords: Property Rights, Rule of Law, and Environmental Policy, law, environmental policy, environmental tax, environmental stringency, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

We develop and test a theory of the rule of law and environmental policy formation. In our model an increase in the degree of rule of law has two opposing partial effects on environmental policy: first, a greater s...

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Supply for the G-7 Countries, with Emphasis on Germany

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Supply for the G-7 Countries, with Emphasis on Germany »

Volume/Issue: 2007/299

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868623.001

ISBN: 9781451868623

Keywords: Renewable energy, biofuels, energy efficiency, carbon emissions., renewables, carbon emissions, fossil fuels

This paper discusses structure, impact, costs, and efficiency of renewable energy supply in the eight largest advanced economies (the G-7 plus Spain), with focus on Germany. Renewables production costs are compared...