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Central America: Economic Progress and Reforms

Central America: Economic Progress and Reforms »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Central America has made substantial progress in recent years in moving economic reforms forward and deepening regional and global integration. As result of these efforts, the region has experienced higher growth,...

chapter 1 Introduction and Overview

chapter 1 Introduction and Overview »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Central America 1 has made substantial progress over the past years in moving economic reforms forward and deepening regional and global integration. As a result, Central America...

chapter 2 Moving Forward with Economic Integration

chapter 2 Moving Forward with Economic Integration »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction Central America appears to be an ideal candidate for economic integration. Despite differences in economic development, the countries share a common language, history, c...

chapter 3 Central America’s Regional Trends and U.S. Cycles

chapter 3 Central America’s Regional Trends and U.S. Cycles »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction The economies of Central America share a close relationship with the United States, with considerable comovement of GDP growth over a long period of time. The open natur...

chapter 4 Equity and Fiscal Policy: Income Distribution Effects of Taxation and Social Spending

chapter 4 Equity and Fiscal Policy: Income Distribution Effects of Taxation and Social Spending »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction Central America’s high levels of poverty and income inequality place the distributional effects of fiscal policy at the center of policy dialogue. Central American gover...

chapter 5 Central American Customs Union and Challenges for Tax and Customs Administration

chapter 5 Central American Customs Union and Challenges for Tax and Customs Administration »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction In December 2007, the governments of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua signed the Framework Agreement for the Establishment of the Central Amer...

chapter 6 Financial Sector Development: Equity and Private Debt Markets1

chapter 6 Financial Sector Development: Equity and Private Debt Markets1 »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction Banks and their affiliates dominate the financial system. While growing rapidly, financial intermediation in Central America continues to take place mainly through the b...

Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan

Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan »

Source: Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan : Why, When, How?

Volume/Issue: 2011/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Kenneth Kang , Michael Keen , Mahmood Pradhan , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 2011

ISBN: 9781463902889

Keywords: Consumption taxes, Revenue measures, Japan, Tax increases, Tax revenues, Value added tax, Consumption tax, VAT, fiscal adjustment, social security

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Central America
			: Economic Progress and Reforms

Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms »

Volume: 08

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067653.087

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Central America has made substantial progress in recent years in moving economic reforms forward and deepening regional and global integration. As result of these efforts, the region has experienced higher growth,...