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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Trade Policy Issues

Trade Policy Issues »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756213.071

ISBN: 9781557756213

Keywords: trade liberalization, free trade, uruguay round, trade diversion, trade reforms

This book edited by Chorng-Huey Wong and Naheed Kirmani, examines a wide range of trade policy issues relevant in the 1990s that were the subject of a seminar organized by the IMF in 1996. The topics include the de...

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064393.058

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

In recent years, African policymakers have increasingly resorted to regional trade arrangements (RTAs) as a substitute for broad-based trade liberalization. This trend has long-term implications for the effectivene...

International Trade Policies
			: The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754691.083

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

This paper analyzes the achievements of the Uruguay Round, and issues with the post-Uruguay Round agenda. The paper highlights that the conclusion of the Uruguay Round is a major achievement in international trade...

Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759429.084

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Since the early 1990s, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made significant progress in opening their economies to external competition through trade and currency liberalization. This paper analyzes trade and...

International Trade Policies
			: Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond:  Background Papers

International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754578.083

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

This study reviews major issues and developments in trade and their implications for the work of the IMF. Volume I, The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Principal Issues, gives an overview of the issues and developments i...

Global Monitoring Report, 2009
			: A Development Emergency

Global Monitoring Report, 2009 : A Development Emergency »

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780821378595.019

ISBN: 9780821378595

Keywords: health care, trade facilitation, financial sector, financial services, international trade

A Development Emergency: the title of this year's Global Monitoring Report, the sixth in an annual series, could not be more apt. The global economic crisis, the most severe since the Great Depression, is rapidly t...

Foreign and Intratrade Policies of Arab Countries

Foreign and Intratrade Policies of Arab Countries »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753052.071

ISBN: 9781557753052

Keywords: trade liberalization, exporters, tariff structure, nontariff barriers, foreign trade

The challenge facing the Arab countries to maintain economic growth in the face of the deteriorating terms of trade affecting all developing countries was addressed in a seminar held in Abu Dhabi in early 1992. Thi...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1953

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1953 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1953

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351656.011

ISBN: 9781616351656

Keywords: exchange, payments, trade, currency, exports

This paper reviews key findings of the IMF's Annual Report for the fiscal year ended April 30, 1953. The report highlights that despite the downward trend in world trade that became evident early in 1952, the world...

The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries

The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754974.071

ISBN: 9781557754974

Keywords: trade in services, international trade, market access, national treatment, round agreement

The benefits and challenges of the liberalization measures encompassed under the Uruguay Round were the subject of aseminar sponsored by the IMF, the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development, the Arab Monetary...

Adjustment for Growth
			: The African Experience

Adjustment for Growth : The African Experience »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Amor Tahari , M. Nowak , Michael Hadjimichael , and Robert Sharer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755667.084

ISBN: 9781557755667

Keywords: debt, interest, terms of trade, external debt, payments

Over the past two decades, sub-Saharan Africa has lagged behind other regions in economic performance. The important overall indicators of performance, however, mask wide differences among countries. On the whole,...