Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 75 items

  • Keywords: rate x
Clear All
Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment »

Source: Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Volume/Issue: 2002/008

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2002

ISBN: 9781498328838

Keywords: Article IV consultation procedure reviews, Exchange rate policy, Exchange rate policy surveillance, Multilateral surveillance, Staff-monitored programs, External sector, Economic conditions, International investment position, Economic integration, Regional economics

...

Bolivia

Bolivia »

Source: Bolivia : The Hydrocarbons Boom and the Risk of Dutch Disease

Volume/Issue: 2008/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870121

Keywords: Equilibrium Real Exchange, gas, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equilibrium exchange rate,

The hydrocarbons sector has become one of the most dynamic economic activities in the Bolivian economy and the main driver of improved export performance and international reserve accumulation. The central role of...

Chapter 2. Roads Less Traveled: Growth in Emerging Market and Developing Economies in a Complicated External Environment

Chapter 2. Roads Less Traveled: Growth in Emerging Market and Developing Economies in a Complicated External Environment »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2017 : Gaining Momentum?

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475564655

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, Income inequality, National income, Distribution of income, External activities, Gross domestric product growth, Growth acceleration, Growth deceleration, Output growth, Economic integration

Emerging market and developing economies have become increasingly important in the global economy in recent years. They now account for more than 75 percent of global growth in output and consum...

Climate Disaster Risks - Empirics and a Multi-Phase Dynamic Model*

Climate Disaster Risks - Empirics and a Multi-Phase Dynamic Model* »

Source: Climate Disaster Risks - Empirics and a Multi-Phase Dynamic Model

Volume/Issue: 2019/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stefan Mittnik , Willi Semmler , and Alexander Haider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320849

Keywords: Real sector, Economic growth, Interest costs, Interest rates on loans, Low income countries, climate economics, disaster risk, macro feedbacks, multi-phase macro model, monetary and financial policies

Recent research in financial economics has shown that rare large disasters have the potential to disrupt financial sectors via the destruction of capital stocks and jumps in risk premia. These disruptions often ent...

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework »

Source: The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

Volume/Issue: 2016/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2016

ISBN: 9781498345750

Keywords: Estimated incomes and expenses, Financial year, Fund administrative budget, Net income of Fund, SDR interest rates, Real interest rates, Interest rate increases, Interest rates, Expenditures, Accounting

The medium-term income projections have been updated from the April 2015 outlook and the February review of the adequacy of precautionary balances. The main changes to the outlook stem from a more gradual rise in t...

Does the Business Environment Affect Corporate Investment in India?

Does the Business Environment Affect Corporate Investment in India? »

Source: Does the Business Environment Affect Corporate Investment in India?

Volume/Issue: 2012/70

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kiichi Tokuoka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781463939069

Keywords: Business environment, Costs of doing business, inflation, gdp growth, inflation rate, real gdp, real interest rate, Asia and Pacific Department, Production and Organizations: General,

Since the global financial crisis, corporate investment has been weak in India. Sluggish corporate investment would not only moderate growth from the demand side but also constrain growth from the supply side over...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1 »

Source: The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

Exchange Rate Determinants in Russia: 1992-1993

Exchange Rate Determinants in Russia: 1992-1993 »

Source: Exchange Rate Determinants in Russia : 1992-1993

Volume/Issue: 1994/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vincent Koen , and Eric Meyermans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1994

ISBN: 9781451848755

Keywords: Exchange rate policy, Russian Federation, foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange market, exchange rates

This paper examines the evolution of the exchange rate of the ruble vis-à-vis the U.S. dollar from exchange rate unification, in July 1992, to the end of 1993. The expected and actual paths of the exchange rate are...

The Fiscal Implications of Climate Change

The Fiscal Implications of Climate Change »

Source: The Fiscal Implications of Climate Change

Volume/Issue: 2008/006

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2008

ISBN: 9781498334938

Keywords: Fiscal reforms, Fiscal stability, Oil production, Oil revenues, Public finance, Market interest rates, Tax revenue, Social safety nets, Consumption, Fiscal policy

This paper reviews the fiscal implications of climate change, and the potential role of the Fund in addressing them. It stresses that: The potential fiscal implications are immediate as well as lasting, and liab...

Fiscal Policy and Interest Rates

Fiscal Policy and Interest Rates »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Interest Rates : How Sustainable Is The 'New Economy'?

Volume/Issue: 2006/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863727

Keywords: international reserves, inflation, long-term interest rates, monetary fund, monetary policy

This paper explores the determinants of long-term government bond yields in the Group of Seven (G-7) economies and analyzes the factors that could explain the conundrum of very low rates in the face of a variety of...