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Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320801.001

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Climate Disaster Risks - Empirics and a Multi-Phase Dynamic Model*

Climate Disaster Risks - Empirics and a Multi-Phase Dynamic Model* »

Source: Climate Disaster Risks - Empirics and a Multi-Phase Dynamic Model

Volume/Issue: 2019/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stefan Mittnik , Willi Semmler , and Alexander Haider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320849

Keywords: Real sector, Economic growth, Interest costs, Interest rates on loans, Low income countries, climate economics, disaster risk, macro feedbacks, multi-phase macro model, monetary and financial policies

Recent research in financial economics has shown that rare large disasters have the potential to disrupt financial sectors via the destruction of capital stocks and jumps in risk premia. These disruptions often ent...

Climate Disaster Risks - Empirics and a Multi-Phase Dynamic Model

Climate Disaster Risks - Empirics and a Multi-Phase Dynamic Model »

Volume/Issue: 2019/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stefan Mittnik , Willi Semmler , and Alexander Haider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320849.001

ISBN: 9781498320849

Keywords: Real sector, Economic growth, Interest costs, Interest rates on loans, Low income countries, climate economics, disaster risk, macro feedbacks, multi-phase macro model, monetary and financial policies

Recent research in financial economics has shown that rare large disasters have the potential to disrupt financial sectors via the destruction of capital stocks and jumps in risk premia. These disruptions often ent...

Grenada
			: Climate Change Policy Assessment

Grenada : Climate Change Policy Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2019/193

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498323147.002

ISBN: 9781498323147

Keywords: Economic growth, Public sector investments, Fiscal policy, Sustainable development, Greenhouse gas emissions, FRL, disaster risk, resilience, NDC, climate-related

Grenada has made significant strides to counter climate change but meeting the daunting remaining challenges will require domestic policy actions and sustained international support. Climate change is an existentia...

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks »

Source: Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks

Volume/Issue: 2019/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheikh Gueye , Asithandile Mbelu , and Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498317795

Keywords: Bank credit, Commodity price shocks, Oil prices, Oil revenues, Oil exporting countries, Oil price, non-performing loans, credit growth, deposit growth, bank ownership

This paper studies the impact of declining oil prices on banks in sub-Saharan African oil-exporting countries. Results indicate that banks respond differently to an oil shock depending on their ownership: (i) domes...

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks

Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2019/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheikh Gueye , Asithandile Mbelu , and Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498317795.001

ISBN: 9781498317795

Keywords: Bank credit, Commodity price shocks, Oil prices, Oil revenues, Oil exporting countries, Oil price, non-performing loans, credit growth, deposit growth, bank ownership

This paper studies the impact of declining oil prices on banks in sub-Saharan African oil-exporting countries. Results indicate that banks respond differently to an oil shock depending on their ownership: (i) domes...

What Is Carbon Taxation?

What Is Carbon Taxation? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 2019 : The IMF at 75

Volume/Issue: 2019/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498316514

Keywords: Finance and Development, Central banks, Economic growth, Financial crises, Development, Investment, The IMF at 75, IMF, develop economy, Bretton Woods

This issue of Finance & Development presents success and works of IMF in the past 75 years since its formation. The IMF's financial firepower must be increased substantially, particularly in a world of relatively f...

Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries

Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tokhir Mirzoev , and Ling Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314749.001

ISBN: 9781498314749

Keywords: Consumption, Public investments, Poverty, Capital, Real interest rates, Fiscal policy, oil exporters, permanent income hypothesis, fiscal rules, PIH

We examine the existing fiscal policy paradigm in commodity-exporting countries. First, we argue that its centerpiece-the permanent income hypothesis (PIH)-is not consistent with either intergenerational equity or...

Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries1

Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries1 »

Source: Rethinking Fiscal Policy in Oil-Exporting Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tokhir Mirzoev , and Ling Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498314749

Keywords: Consumption, Public investments, Poverty, Capital, Real interest rates, Fiscal policy, oil exporters, permanent income hypothesis, fiscal rules, PIH

We examine the existing fiscal policy paradigm in commodity-exporting countries. First, we argue that its centerpiece-the permanent income hypothesis (PIH)-is not consistent with either intergenerational equity or...

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Source: Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...