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Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment »

Source: Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment : What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market

Volume/Issue: 2015/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman , Ara Stepanyan , Jessie Yang , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2015

ISBN: 9781513552170

Keywords: Export integration, structural reform, supply chain, new member states, environment, trade, incentives, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

How do countries enhance their exports of goods in a largely tariff-free environment? Our investigation of export performance of new member states in the European Union single market, which provides a natural contr...

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment
			: What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment : What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market »

Volume/Issue: 2015/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman , Ara Stepanyan , Jessie Yang , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552170.001

ISBN: 9781513552170

Keywords: Export integration, structural reform, supply chain, new member states, environment, trade, incentives, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

How do countries enhance their exports of goods in a largely tariff-free environment? Our investigation of export performance of new member states in the European Union single market, which provides a natural contr...

Measuring Energy Security
			: Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies »

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455217878.001

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

Foreign Direct Investment Statistics
			: How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001 »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062207.071

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: Foreign investment, Statistics, direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

International standards for measuring foreign direct investment (FDI) have become important in today's global economy, where multinational enterprises exercise economic clout and FDI statistics can reflect investor...

7. Valuation of Assets and Liabilities in FDI Position Data

7. Valuation of Assets and Liabilities in FDI Position Data »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Develop

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: Foreign investment, Statistics, direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

7.1 In principle, all external financial assets and liabilities should be valued at the market prices prevailing on the date they are recorded in the FDI statistics....

Fiscal Policy for a Sustainable Environment

Fiscal Policy for a Sustainable Environment »

Source: Fiscal Dimensions of Sustainable Development

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2002

ISBN: 9781589061590

Keywords: fiscal policy, public spending, expenditure, sustainable development, public expenditure

In both developed and developing countries, fiscal policy has an important role to play in assuring sustainable use of natural resources and safeguarding the environment. This applies to both the tax and spe...