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Tonga
			: Technical Assistance Report-Climate Change Policy Assessment

Tonga : Technical Assistance Report-Climate Change Policy Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 192020/212

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513548791.002

ISBN: 9781513548791

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic growth, Financial management, Public financial management, Poverty, ISCR, CR, NIIP, development partner, disaster risk

Tonga is one of the world's most exposed countries to climate change and natural disasters. It suffered the highest loss from natural disasters in the world (as a ratio to GDP) in 2018 and is among the top five ove...

Government Spending Effects in a Policy Constrained Environment

Government Spending Effects in a Policy Constrained Environment »

Source: Government Spending Effects in a Policy Constrained Environment

Volume/Issue: 2020/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruoyun Mao , and Shu-Chun Susan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2020

ISBN: 9781513546797

Keywords: Economic conditions, Financial crises, Real interest rates, Business cycles, Economic sectors, government spending effects, fiscal multiplier, regime-switching policy, monetary and fiscal policy interaction, nonlinear New Keynesian models

The theoretical literature generally finds that government spending multipliers are bigger than unity in a low interest rate environment. Using a fully nonlinear New Keynesian model, we show that such big multiplie...

Government Spending Effects in a Policy Constrained Environment

Government Spending Effects in a Policy Constrained Environment »

Volume/Issue: 2020/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruoyun Mao , and Shu-Chun Susan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513546797.001

ISBN: 9781513546797

Keywords: Economic conditions, Financial crises, Real interest rates, Business cycles, Economic sectors, government spending effects, fiscal multiplier, regime-switching policy, monetary and fiscal policy interaction, nonlinear New Keynesian models

The theoretical literature generally finds that government spending multipliers are bigger than unity in a low interest rate environment. Using a fully nonlinear New Keynesian model, we show that such big multiplie...

Colombia

Colombia »

Source: Colombia : Technical Assistance Report-Reforming Energy Pricing

Volume/Issue: 2019/344

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513520629

Keywords: Producer prices, Oil prices, Social safety nets, Energy prices, Purchasing power, ISCR, CR, fuel product, CREG, reference price

This paper on Colombia focuses on reforming energy pricing. Rising fiscal challenges in Colombia can risk derailing the government from their commitment to meet both its headline deficit target of 2.4 percent in 20...

Colombia

Colombia »

Source: Colombia : Technical Assistance Report-Reforming Energy Pricing

Volume/Issue: 2019/344

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 November 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513520650

Keywords: ISCR, CR, fuel product, CREG, reference price, decile, external stakeholders

Energy Subsidy Reform is a key pillar of Colombia's national development plan. Rising fiscal challenges in Colombia-which have been exacerbated by the adjustment costs associated with recent large migration flows f...

Colombia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Reforming Energy Pricing

Colombia : Technical Assistance Report-Reforming Energy Pricing »

Volume/Issue: 2019/344

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 November 2019

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513520650.002

ISBN: 9781513520650

Keywords: ISCR, CR, fuel product, CREG, reference price, decile, external stakeholders

Energy Subsidy Reform is a key pillar of Colombia's national development plan. Rising fiscal challenges in Colombia-which have been exacerbated by the adjustment costs associated with recent large migration flows f...

Colombia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Reforming Energy Pricing

Colombia : Technical Assistance Report-Reforming Energy Pricing »

Volume/Issue: 2019/344

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513520629.002

ISBN: 9781513520629

Keywords: Producer prices, Oil prices, Social safety nets, Energy prices, Purchasing power, ISCR, CR, fuel product, CREG, reference price

This paper on Colombia focuses on reforming energy pricing. Rising fiscal challenges in Colombia can risk derailing the government from their commitment to meet both its headline deficit target of 2.4 percent in 20...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1 »

Source: The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus »

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516097.001

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco »

Volume/Issue: 2019/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Babacar Sarr , Mokhtar Benlamine , and Zsuzsa Munkacsi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513513768.001

ISBN: 9781513513768

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Bankruptcy, Banks, Basket of currency peg, Capital, Capital accumulation, Capital flows, Capital formation, Commodity markets, Commodity prices

This paper studies the macroeconomic effects and sequencing of (LMRs) and product (PMRs) market reforms in Morocco. It finds that introducing LMRs and PMRs simultaneously would add about 2.5 percentage points (pp)...