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Domestic Investment and the Cost of Capital in the Caribbean

Domestic Investment and the Cost of Capital in the Caribbean »

Source: Domestic Investment and the Cost of Capital in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2006/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shaun Roache

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864120

Keywords: capital stock, public investment, capital goods, capital formation, Business Taxes and Subsidies including sales and value-added (VAT), Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm,

Investment-to-GDP ratios across the Caribbean tend to be relatively high. In many countries, these ratios have been trending higher since the mid-1990s, largely reflecting public investment and foreign direct inves...

Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 2002/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aleh Tsyvinski , Martin Petri , and Günther Taube

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451848069

Keywords: transition countries, quasi-fiscal activities, implicit subsidies, implicit taxation, payment arrears, gas, fiscal activities, coal, fiscal deficit, Structure

A decade into the transition, many of the successor states of the former Soviet Union (FSU) continue to use energy sector quasi-fiscal activities (QFAs), especially low energy prices and the toleration of payment a...

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption : A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2013/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Charap , Arthur Ribeiro da Silva , and Pedro Rodriguez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484367247

Keywords: subsidy, income elasticity, gasoline prices, environmental regulations, energy consumption, gasoline consumption, Models with Panel Data, Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies, General,

The economic and environmental implications of energy subsidies have received renewed attention from policymakers and economists in recent years. Nevertheless there remains significant uncertainty regarding the mag...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean

Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean : Stocktaking and Policy Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2015/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriel Di Bella , Lawrence Norton , Joseph Ntamatungiro , Sumiko Ogawa , Issouf Samaké , and Marika Santoro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2015

ISBN: 9781484365366

Keywords: Energy Subsidies, Latin America and the Caribbean, energy, electricity, prices, fuel, oil, General,

The oil price decline creates an opportunity to dismantle energy subsidies, which escalated with high oil prices. This paper assesses energy subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean-about 1.8 percent of GDP in...

Forestry Taxation in Africa

Forestry Taxation in Africa »

Source: Forestry Taxation in Africa : The Case of Liberia

Volume/Issue: 2005/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Saji Thomas , and Arnim Schwidrowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451861754

Keywords: forest, forestry sector, forests, forest management, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, Economywide Country Studies: Africa, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Forestry,

Countries generally tax the forestry sector to achieve the twin objectives of revenue maximization and sustainability of logging levels. In an ideal world of perfect markets and information, auctions would be the b...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

A Quest for Revenue and Tax Incidence in Uganda

A Quest for Revenue and Tax Incidence in Uganda »

Volume/Issue: 2001/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Matovu , Duanjie Chen , and Ritva Reinikka-Soininen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844146.001

ISBN: 9781451844146

Keywords: Tax Incidence, tax rate, tax system, excise taxes, Taxation and Subsidies: Incidence, Business Taxes and Subsidies including sales and value-added (VAT),

This paper examines tax policy and tax reforms in Uganda. Using household survey evidence, the paper identifies which taxes are progressive and investigates whether tax reforms have made the poor better or worse of...

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies »

Volume/Issue: 2010/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210794.001

ISBN: 9781455210794

Keywords: pension, retirement, health care, retirement age, Structure and Scope of Government: Other, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Deficit Surplus

With a modest recovery in the global economy underway, and amid rising concerns about the sharp increase in government debt in several countries, debate has increasingly focused on the need to identify and implemen...

Domestic Investment and the Cost of Capital in the Caribbean

Domestic Investment and the Cost of Capital in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2006/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shaun Roache

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864120.001

ISBN: 9781451864120

Keywords: capital stock, public investment, capital goods, capital formation, Business Taxes and Subsidies including sales and value-added (VAT), Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm,

Investment-to-GDP ratios across the Caribbean tend to be relatively high. In many countries, these ratios have been trending higher since the mid-1990s, largely reflecting public investment and foreign direct inves...