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CHAPTER 8 Moving Ahead with Structural Reform

CHAPTER 8 Moving Ahead with Structural Reform »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

Large, inefficient public enterprise sectors and distressed banking systems existed in virtually all of the 36 ESAF countries covered by this review and weighed heavily on the finances of the budget and priv...

Chapter 12. Natural Resources, Volatility, and Inclusive Growth: Perspectives from the Middle East and North Africa

Chapter 12. Natural Resources, Volatility, and Inclusive Growth: Perspectives from the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction Countries endowed with natural resources such as oil and gas are faced with important economic challenges. Those challenges are of both a short- and long-term nature (se...

CHAPTER 1 Overview

CHAPTER 1 Overview »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

In the aftermath of the debt crisis of the early 1980s, many of the IMF’s poorest member countries embarked on far-reaching programs of adjustment and economic reform. The severity and structural nature of t...

CHAPTER 7 Progress Toward External Viability

CHAPTER 7 Progress Toward External Viability »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

Progress toward external viability is a central objective in ESAF-supported programs. To this end, the programs emphasize macroeconomic policies and structural reforms that are designed to strengthen externa...

Chapter 6. Savings and Investment Decisions in Resource-Rich Low-Income Countries

Chapter 6. Savings and Investment Decisions in Resource-Rich Low-Income Countries »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction Many of the poorest countries on Earth are in the throes of a double bonanza of high prices for their natural resource exports coupled with new discoveries. Over the nex...

CHAPTER 9 The Causes of Program Interruptions

CHAPTER 9 The Causes of Program Interruptions »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

Adjustment programs are seldom implemented exactly as planned. Slippages, delays, midcourse corrections, and, occasionally, missed targets are in the nature of ambitious reform. Nevertheless, a track record...

Chapter 2. The Natural Resource Curse: A Survey of Diagnoses and Some Prescriptions

Chapter 2. The Natural Resource Curse: A Survey of Diagnoses and Some Prescriptions »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Oil, minerals, and agricultural resources can bring great riches to those who possess them. Yet countries that are abundantly endowed with such natural resources often encounter pitfalls that interfere with...

CHAPTER 4 The Policy Record

CHAPTER 4 The Policy Record »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

This chapter examines developments in the macroeconomic and structural policies of the ESAF countries during the period under review and takes stock of the progress achieved toward greater macroeconomic stab...

Chapter 3. The Political Economy of Petroleum Wealth in Low-Income Countries: Some Policy Alternatives

Chapter 3. The Political Economy of Petroleum Wealth in Low-Income Countries: Some Policy Alternatives »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction The problems created by abundant mineral wealth—commonly referred to as the natural resource curse—are mostly political, not economic. If low-income countries were gover...

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction In 2008, aid flow to sub-Saharan Africa reached US$36 billion per year. Natural resource rents, by contrast, stood at US$240 billion. Over three-quarters of Africa’s sub...