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A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies »

Volume/Issue: 2010/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210794.001

ISBN: 9781455210794

Keywords: pension, retirement, health care, retirement age, Structure and Scope of Government: Other, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Deficit Surplus

With a modest recovery in the global economy underway, and amid rising concerns about the sharp increase in government debt in several countries, debate has increasingly focused on the need to identify and implemen...

Additional Evidenceon Ems Interest Rate Linkages

Additional Evidenceon Ems Interest Rate Linkages »

Volume/Issue: 1996/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Thornton , and Alicia García-Herrero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942941.001

ISBN: 9781451942941

Keywords: interest rates, cointegration, statistics, granger causality, equation

This note examines interest rate linkages within the EMS. Cointegration tests suggest the existence of a long-run equilibrium relationship between German and other EMS interest rates. Bivariate VAR analysis finds t...

Asymmetric Information and the Market Structure of the Banking Industry

Asymmetric Information and the Market Structure of the Banking Industry »

Volume/Issue: 1998/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451951547.001

ISBN: 9781451951547

Keywords: Loan Market, Barriers to Entry, Spatial Competition, competition, banking, banking industry, barrier to entry, mergers

The paper analyzes the effects of informational asymmetries on the market structure of the banking industry in a multi-period model of spatial competition. All lenders face uncertainty with regard to borrowers&#x20...

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies
			: Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies : Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments »

Volume/Issue: 2012/289

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Christos Kotsogiannis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552942.001

ISBN: 9781475552942

Keywords: Environmental taxation, cap-and-trade, Pareto efficiency, border tax adjustments, carbon taxes, border tax, trade policies, trade taxes, Trade and Environment, General,

This paper explores the role of trade instruments in globally efficient climate policies, focusing on the central issue of whether some form of border tax adjustment (BTA) is warranted when carbon prices differ int...

Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters
			: Challenges and Options

Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters : Challenges and Options »

Volume/Issue: 2003/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , Paul Freeman , and Muthukumara Mani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860030.001

ISBN: 9781451860030

Keywords: Natural Disasters, Climate Change, Urbanization, disaster, disasters, hurricane, disaster risk, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Economic Development: General, Natural Disaster,

Natural disaster risk is emerging as an increasingly important constraint on economic development and poverty reduction. This paper first sets out the key stylized facts in the area-that the costs of disaster have...

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Weber , and Anna Ivanova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902315.001

ISBN: 9781463902315

Keywords: coordinated fiscal exit, fiscal changes, fiscal consolidation, fiscal measure, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, And General Outlook, general Aggregative Models,

The paper assesses the impact of fiscal spillovers on growth in the context of a coordinated exit from crisis management policies. We find that despite potentially sizeable domestic effects from consolidation, aggr...

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Supply for the G-7 Countries, with Emphasis on Germany

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Supply for the G-7 Countries, with Emphasis on Germany »

Volume/Issue: 2007/299

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868623.001

ISBN: 9781451868623

Keywords: Renewable energy, biofuels, energy efficiency, carbon emissions., renewables, carbon emissions, fossil fuels

This paper discusses structure, impact, costs, and efficiency of renewable energy supply in the eight largest advanced economies (the G-7 plus Spain), with focus on Germany. Renewables production costs are compared...

Environmental Tax Reform
			: Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date »

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505283.001

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

Euro-Area Banking At the Crossroads

Euro-Area Banking At the Crossroads »

Volume/Issue: 2001/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Joaquim Levy , Laura Kodres , and Angel Ubide

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844665.001

ISBN: 9781451844665

Keywords: Banking mergers, too big too fail, banking, banking system, banking sector, financial stability, financial institutions, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper analyses the process of disintermediation, the progress in consolidation, the impact of new technologies, and the role of ownership and control structures for the euro area banking sector. The impact of...

Global Liquidity and Asset Prices
			: Measurement, Implications, and Spillovers

Global Liquidity and Asset Prices : Measurement, Implications, and Spillovers »

Volume/Issue: 1999/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Klaas Baks , and Charles Kramer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858242.001

ISBN: 9781451858242

Keywords: Liquidity, money growth, international spillovers, monetary policy, real interest rates, monetary aggregates

Much recent commentary suggests that global liquidity has influenced financial conditions in the major international markets to an important degree, and that excess liquidity in one financial center can influence f...