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The Chinese Approach to Capital Inflows

The Chinese Approach to Capital Inflows »

Source: The Chinese Approach to Capital Inflows : Patterns and Possible Explanations

Volume/Issue: 2005/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860986

Keywords: fdi, capital inflows, foreign exchange, direct investment, foreign capital, International Factor Movements and International Business, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

In this paper, we adopt a cross-country perspective to examine the evolution of capital flows into China, both in terms of volumes and composition. China's inflows have generally been dominated by foreign direct in...

Climate Mitigation in China

Climate Mitigation in China »

Source: Climate Mitigation in China : Which Policies Are Most Effective?

Volume/Issue: 2016/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Baoping Shang , Philippe Wingender , Nate Vernon , and Tarun Narasimhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475574524

Keywords: Paris Agreement, carbon tax, China, air pollution, coal tax, emissions trading, incidence, welfare effects

For the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, China pledged to reduce the carbon dioxide (CO2) intensity of GDP by 60-65 percent below 2005 levels by 2030. This paper develops a practical spreadsheet tool for eva...

The Complier Pays Principle

The Complier Pays Principle »

Source: The Complier Pays Principle : The Limits of Fiscal Approaches toward Sustainable Forest Management

Volume/Issue: 2000/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Leruth , R. Paris , and I. Ruzicka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781451847109

Keywords: Sustainable management, forestry taxation, forest, forest management, environmental damage, forests, sustainable forest management

This paper examines the role and impact of taxation on sustainable forest management. It is shown that fiscal instruments neither reinforce nor substitute for traditional regulatory approaches. Far from encouraging...

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies »

Source: Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies : Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 2012/289

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Christos Kotsogiannis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475552942

Keywords: Environmental taxation, cap-and-trade, Pareto efficiency, border tax adjustments, carbon taxes, border tax, trade policies, trade taxes, Trade and Environment, General,

This paper explores the role of trade instruments in globally efficient climate policies, focusing on the central issue of whether some form of border tax adjustment (BTA) is warranted when carbon prices differ int...

Copper and the Chilean Economy, 1960-98

Copper and the Chilean Economy, 1960-98 »

Source: Copper and the Chilean Economy, 1960-98

Volume/Issue: 1999/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1999

ISBN: 9781451847758

Keywords: copper prices, exchange rate, real exchange rate, copper, foreign investment

The paper concludes that world copper prices play an important role in short-term fluctuations and probably influence long-term growth of the Chilean economy. While many mechanisms may be at work, investment seems...

Corporate and Household Debt Distress in Latvia

Corporate and Household Debt Distress in Latvia »

Source: Corporate and Household Debt Distress in Latvia : Strengthening the Incentives for Market-Based Approach to Debt Resolution

Volume/Issue: 2011/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magnus Saxegaard , Michaela Erbenova , and Yan Liu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2011

ISBN: 9781455226030

Keywords: insolvency law, debt, restructuring, insolvency, loans, Other Substantive Areas of Law: General,

This paper reviews Latvia's efforts to manage the increase in debt distress resulting from the unwinding of the 2000-07 credit boom and spillovers from the global financial crisis. The authorities have designed a s...

Credit Market Imperfection and Sectoral Asymmetry of Chinese Business Cycle

Credit Market Imperfection and Sectoral Asymmetry of Chinese Business Cycle »

Source: Credit Market Imperfection and Sectoral Asymmetry of Chinese Business Cycle

Volume/Issue: 2011/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuanyan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455262410

Keywords: investment, exchange rate, credit market, business cycle, net worth, Credit Market Imperfection, Secoral Asymmetry, Macroeconomics And Monetary Economics, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper analyzes the role of credit market imperfection and sectoral asymmetry as a means through which shocks to the real economy are propagated and amplified. Drawing on firm-level data to calibrate the model,...

Current Account Developments in New Member States of the European Union

Current Account Developments in New Member States of the European Union »

Source: Current Account Developments in New Member States of the European Union : Equilibrium, Excess, and EU-Phoria

Volume/Issue: 2008/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869538

Keywords: Current account norm, macroeconomic balance approach, fdi, investment climate, transition economies, exchange rate regime

This paper analyzes current account (CA) developments in the following 10 new EU members states: Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. During the las...

The Day After Tomorrow

The Day After Tomorrow »

Source: The Day After Tomorrow : Designing an Optimal Fiscal Strategy for Libya

Volume/Issue: 2013/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Caceres , Serhan Cevik , Ricardo Fenochietto , and Borja Gracia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484389812

Keywords: Fiscal policy, cyclical adjustment, fiscal sustainability, permanent income hypothesis, fiscal rules, natural resources, public financial management, fiscal stance, primary deficit, Structure and Scope of Government

Libya is highly dependent on exhaustible and volatile hydrocarbon resources, which constitute the bulk of government revenues. Although resource wealth provides the means to promote socio-economic development, proc...

De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China

De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China »

Source: De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China

Volume/Issue: 2012/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashvin Ahuja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502275

Keywords: Aggregate Productivity, monopoly, tfp, gdp per capita, competitive equilibrium, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth And Aggregate Productivity,

During the past decade, the average Chinese earns roughly 9 times less and is 10 times less productive than the average American at purchasing power parity. Current consensus attributes large differences in output...