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Climate Change and Energy Systems
			: Impacts, Risks and Adaptation in the Nordic and Baltic countries

Climate Change and Energy Systems : Impacts, Risks and Adaptation in the Nordic and Baltic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Halldór Björnsson , and Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289321907

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Renewable Energy, Global Energy Consumption, Fossil Fuel, Forest Growth Data, Global Circulation Models, Energy Sector

Renewable energy sources contribute 16% of the global energy consumption and most nations are working to increase the share of renewables in their total energy budget, to reduce the dependence on fossil fuel source...

Publikation: Carbon leakage from a Nordic perspective

Publikation: Carbon leakage from a Nordic perspective »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Martin Bo Hansen , Sigrud Næss-Schmidt , and Jens Sand Kirk

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289323055

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Price of Emitting CO2, EU Level, Emission Trading Scheme (ETS), ETS Price, Electricity to Finance Renewable Energy Investments, Transport Costs

Increasing the price of emitting CO2 into the atmosphere is a forceful instrument. At the EU level, this is pursued through the common Emission Trading Scheme (ETS). At the national level, the ETS price is compleme...

Using the right environmental indicators: Tracking progress, raising awareness and supporting analysis
			: Nordic perspectives on indicators, statistics and accounts for managing the environment and the pressures from economic activities

Using the right environmental indicators: Tracking progress, raising awareness and supporting analysis : Nordic perspectives on indicators, statistics and accounts for managing the environment and the pressures from economic activities »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Julie L. Hass , and Viveka Palm

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289323710

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Indicators, Monitoring Policy, Environmental Policy, Environmental-economic Accounting, Nordic Statistical Institutes, National Statistical Agencies

Finding and using indicators that are most suited for tracking progress, raising awareness and supporting analysis is a challenge. Indicators need to be used in appropriate contexts and should ideally be fit-for-pu...

Beyond the Curse
			: Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources »

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351458.071

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

Countries with an abundance of natural resources, many of which are in sub-Saharan Africa, often show a record of relatively poor economic performance compared with non-resource-rich countries. The chapters in this...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

Countries with an abundance of natural resources, many of which are in sub-Saharan Africa, often show a record of relatively poor economic performance compared with non-resource-rich countries. The chapters in this...

CHAPTER 12 Copper, the Real Exchange Rate and Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Chile

CHAPTER 12 Copper, the Real Exchange Rate and Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Chile »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION Chile is rich in natural resources. The mining sector has been very important historically, and today Chile is the largest producer of copper in the world. But while Chi...

CHAPTER 4 Economic Diversification in Resource-Rich Countries

CHAPTER 4 Economic Diversification in Resource-Rich Countries »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION Developing countries as a whole have been remarkably successful in diversifying their economies and their export structures. This process of diversification has taken ma...

CHAPTER 5 Finance and Oil: Is There a Resource Curse?

CHAPTER 5 Finance and Oil: Is There a Resource Curse? »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION An extensive literature has identified financial sector development as a critical factor in inclusive economic development (see Levine, 2005, and Beck, 2009, for overvie...

CHAPTER 9 Fiscal Policy in Commodity- Exporting Countries: Stability and Growth

CHAPTER 9 Fiscal Policy in Commodity- Exporting Countries: Stability and Growth »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION In the late 1950s, Richard Musgrave made the case for a “three-function framework” which has influenced the way economists approach fiscal policy and its objectives to t...

CHAPTER 10 How Can Commodity Exporters Make Fiscal and Monetary Policy Less Procyclical?

CHAPTER 10 How Can Commodity Exporters Make Fiscal and Monetary Policy Less Procyclical? »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

THE PROBLEM OF PROCYCLICALITY Countries dependent on exports of oil, minerals, and other primary commodities tend to have pronounced economic cycles. Although this cyclical variabili...