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Part I: A Shift in Focus: From External to Internal Imbalances

Part I: A Shift in Focus: From External to Internal Imbalances »

Source: China's Economy in Transition : From External to Internal Rebalancing

Series: Books

Author(s): Anoop Singh , Malhar Nabar , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484303931

Keywords: current account, real interest rate, financial reform, real estate, current account surplus

...

Part II: Implications for China’s Trading Partners

Part II: Implications for China’s Trading Partners »

Source: China's Economy in Transition : From External to Internal Rebalancing

Series: Books

Author(s): Anoop Singh , Malhar Nabar , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484303931

Keywords: current account, real interest rate, financial reform, real estate, current account surplus

...

Part III: Policy Implications

Part III: Policy Implications »

Source: China's Economy in Transition : From External to Internal Rebalancing

Series: Books

Author(s): Anoop Singh , Malhar Nabar , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484303931

Keywords: current account, real interest rate, financial reform, real estate, current account surplus

...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the methodologies used to provide calculations of the impact of energy subsidy reform on CO2 emissions, SO2 emissions, and other local pollutants. Here we consider a scenario in which...

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Definition and Measurement Energy subsidies comprise both consumer and producer subsidies. Consumer subsidies arise when the prices paid by consumers, including both firms (intermedi...

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Overview This chapter provides insights from country case studies to identify ingredients for successful subsidy reform. The country case studies include both successful and unsucces...

Energy Subsidy Reform
			: Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558111.071

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Back to Basics: What Is the Output Gap? - Economists look for the difference between what an economy is producing and what it can produce

Back to Basics: What Is the Output Gap? - Economists look for the difference between what an economy is producing and what it can produce »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Beyond the Household: Remittances that migrants send home to their families also have a major impact on the overall economy

Beyond the Household: Remittances that migrants send home to their families also have a major impact on the overall economy »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...