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How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution

How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution »

Source: How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution : The Cross-Country Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1997/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Sarel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

ISBN: 9781451922714

Keywords: income distribution, macroeconomic factors, terms of trade, external position, income distribution data, distribution of income

This study develops a cross-section empirical framework to examine the relationship between the macroeconomic environment and trends in income distribution. The macroeconomic variables that are found to be associat...

I Overview and Background

I Overview and Background »

Source: Philippines : Toward Sustainable and Rapid Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781557758613

Keywords: banking, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, monetary fund

The Philippines has received considerable attention in recent years as it “emerged” in the early 1990s from a long period of slow growth and economic imbalances, and then managed to escape the “Asian crisis”...

II Economic Growth

II Economic Growth »

Source: Philippines : Toward Sustainable and Rapid Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781557758613

Keywords: banking, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, monetary fund

The Philippine economy has long been set apart from many of its Asian neighbors by its weaker growth performance; its performance in recent years, however, offers grounds for optimism....

III Public Finance: Sustainable Fiscal Adjustment

III Public Finance: Sustainable Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Philippines : Toward Sustainable and Rapid Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781557758613

Keywords: banking, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, monetary fund

Since the early 1990s, there has been a significant improvement in the Philippines’ fiscal accounts. The consolidated public sector balance moved from deficits in the range of one-half of 1 percent of GNP to...

Philippines
			: Financial System Stability Assessment, including Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes on the following topics:  Monetary and Financial Policy Transparency, Banking Supervision, Securities Regulation, Insurance Regulation, and Payment Systems

Philippines : Financial System Stability Assessment, including Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes on the following topics: Monetary and Financial Policy Transparency, Banking Supervision, Securities Regulation, Insurance Regulation, and Payment Systems »

Volume/Issue: 2002/222

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451831283.002

ISBN: 9781451831283

Keywords: banking, banking supervision, banking system, securities regulation, money laundering

This paper presents key findings of the Financial System Stability Assessment for the Philippines, including Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes on Monetary and Financial Policy Transparency, Banking S...

How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution
			: The Cross-Country Evidence

How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution : The Cross-Country Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 1997/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Sarel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922714.001

ISBN: 9781451922714

Keywords: income distribution, macroeconomic factors, terms of trade, external position, income distribution data, distribution of income

This study develops a cross-section empirical framework to examine the relationship between the macroeconomic environment and trends in income distribution. The macroeconomic variables that are found to be associat...

Investment Incentives and Effective Tax Rates in the Philippines
			: A Comparison With Neighboring Countries

Investment Incentives and Effective Tax Rates in the Philippines : A Comparison With Neighboring Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2008/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm , Dennis Botman , and Reza Baqir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870657.001

ISBN: 9781451870657

Keywords: Effective tax rates, South-East Asia, Tax holidays, tax rates, tax incentives, tax rate, taxation,

We compare the general tax provisions and investment incentives in the Philippines to six other east-Asian economies-Malaysia, Indonesia, Lao, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand. We calculate effective tax rates and f...

Structural Reforms, IMF Programs and Capacity Building
			: An Empirical Investigation

Structural Reforms, IMF Programs and Capacity Building : An Empirical Investigation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Marc Quintyn , and Frederik Toscani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510706.001

ISBN: 9781475510706

Keywords: Structural Reform, IMF Program, Capacity Building, technical assistance, regulation, capacity building activities, bureaucratic quality, General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper investigates the role that International Monetary Fund (IMF) programs and capacity building play in fostering structural reforms. To do so, we exploit two novel datasets on IMF capacity building and stru...

Tax Incentives in The Philippines
			: A Regional Perspective

Tax Incentives in The Philippines : A Regional Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2001/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nigel Chalk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859195.001

ISBN: 9781451859195

Keywords: corporate tax incentives. ASEAN., fiscal incentives, investors, tax incentives, tax rate, tax credit, Corporate Tax Incentives. Asean,

The Philippines is faced with a policy dilemma in the area of corporate taxation. On the one hand, the country has, over the past few years, witnessed a decline in revenue as a share of output. On the other, it is...

The Complier Pays Principle
			: The Limits of Fiscal Approaches toward Sustainable Forest Management

The Complier Pays Principle : The Limits of Fiscal Approaches toward Sustainable Forest Management »

Volume/Issue: 2000/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Leruth , R. Paris , and I. Ruzicka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847109.001

ISBN: 9781451847109

Keywords: Sustainable management, forestry taxation, forest, forest management, environmental damage, forests, sustainable forest management

This paper examines the role and impact of taxation on sustainable forest management. It is shown that fiscal instruments neither reinforce nor substitute for traditional regulatory approaches. Far from encouraging...