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Old Curses, New Approaches? Fiscal Benchmarks for Oil-Producing Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

Old Curses, New Approaches? Fiscal Benchmarks for Oil-Producing Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Old Curses, New Approaches? Fiscal Benchmarks for Oil-Producing Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2007/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jan-Peter Olters

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2007

ISBN: 9781451866711

Keywords: Oil reserves, sustainability, oil production, oil and gas, gas reserves, National Deficit Surplus, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development,

Buoyant oil prices have allowed oil-producing countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA OPCs) to increase oil exports and fiscal revenues, providing them with resources necessary to address the pressing social needs. To...

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment »

Source: Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment

Volume/Issue: 1998/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451856613

Keywords: abatement, marginal cost of public funds, pollution taxation, public goods, Samuelson rule, second-best, public spending, environment, environmental quality, taxation

The paper studies the setting of optimal fiscal policy in a second-best world with environmental externalities. The optimal second-best pollution tax is shown to lie below the first-best Pigovian tax, particularly...

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries »

Source: Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries : Earmarked Revenue Versus Tax Autonomy

Volume/Issue: 2008/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giorgio Brosio , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869330

Keywords: taxation, property tax, tax administration, tax collections

A weakness of decentralization and overall tax reforms in Latin America is the lack of attention to adequate taxation at the subnational government. A reliance on shared taxes with extensive earmarking leads to wea...

A Primeron Mineral Taxation

A Primeron Mineral Taxation »

Source: A Primeron Mineral Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2001/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Baunsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856040

Keywords: mineral tax, mining and petroleum, mineral extraction, rate of return, tax system, fiscal stability, tax rate,

The paper discusses options available to tax mineral extraction projects particularly in developing countries. A desirable government share of the economic rent generated from mineral extraction can be achieved thr...

Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation

Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation »

Source: Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2002/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451854732

Keywords: Cross-border shopping, taxation, tax competition, tax rates, tax policy, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

This paper reviews issues and evidence concerning tax-motivated, cross-border commodity transactions. A distinction is drawn between "arbitrage trades" (driven by cross-country differences in tax rates) and "tax no...

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies »

Source: A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

Volume/Issue: 2010/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

ISBN: 9781455210794

Keywords: pension, retirement, health care, retirement age, Structure and Scope of Government: Other, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Deficit Surplus

With a modest recovery in the global economy underway, and amid rising concerns about the sharp increase in government debt in several countries, debate has increasingly focused on the need to identify and implemen...

Summary of WP/94/106: “Tax Policy and the Environment: Theory and Practice”

Summary of WP/94/106: “Tax Policy and the Environment: Theory and Practice” »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/94/77 - WP/94/147)

Volume/Issue: 1995/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1995

ISBN: 9781451843200

Keywords: paper, taxation, taxes on labor, writing

Authors of Working Papers are normally staff members of the Fund or consultants, although on occasion outside authors may collaborate with a staff member in writing a paper. The views expressed in the Working Paper...

Tax and Welfare Reforms in the Czech Republic-Structural Implications and Challenges

Tax and Welfare Reforms in the Czech Republic-Structural Implications and Challenges »

Source: Tax and Welfare Reforms in the Czech Republic-Structural Implications and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2008/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Dalsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869149

Keywords: Structural reform, marginal effective tax rates, flat tax, tax rates, taxation, effective tax rates, tax credits, personal income tax,

The paper provides an analysis and discussion of key structural implications of the 2007 and 2008 welfare and tax reforms in the Czech Republic. Based on a detailed micro-study of marginal and average effective tax...

Tax Incentives in The Philippines

Tax Incentives in The Philippines »

Source: Tax Incentives in The Philippines : A Regional Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2001/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nigel Chalk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451859195

Keywords: corporate tax incentives. ASEAN., fiscal incentives, investors, tax incentives, tax rate, tax credit, Corporate Tax Incentives. Asean,

The Philippines is faced with a policy dilemma in the area of corporate taxation. On the one hand, the country has, over the past few years, witnessed a decline in revenue as a share of output. On the other, it is...

Tax Policy

Tax Policy »

Source: Tax Policy : Recent Trends and Coming Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2007/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tehmina S. Khan , and John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868371

Keywords: Tax reform, personal income tax, corporate income tax, value-added tax, tax wedge, green taxes, taxation, tax revenues, tax rates, tax systems,

This paper provides an overview of the key economic factors that shape tax policy reform in many high-income countries, developing countries, and/or transition economies. The paper describes and evaluates global an...