Browse

You are looking at 51 - 60 of 505 items :

  • IMF Working Papers x
  • Books and Analytical Papers x
Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption : A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2013/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Charap , Arthur Ribeiro da Silva , and Pedro Rodriguez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484367247

Keywords: subsidy, income elasticity, gasoline prices, environmental regulations, energy consumption, gasoline consumption, Models with Panel Data, Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies, General,

The economic and environmental implications of energy subsidies have received renewed attention from policymakers and economists in recent years. Nevertheless there remains significant uncertainty regarding the mag...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean

Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean : Stocktaking and Policy Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2015/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriel Di Bella , Lawrence Norton , Joseph Ntamatungiro , Sumiko Ogawa , Issouf Samaké , and Marika Santoro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2015

ISBN: 9781484365366

Keywords: Energy Subsidies, Latin America and the Caribbean, energy, electricity, prices, fuel, oil, General,

The oil price decline creates an opportunity to dismantle energy subsidies, which escalated with high oil prices. This paper assesses energy subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean-about 1.8 percent of GDP in...

Enhancing Macroeconomic Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific

Enhancing Macroeconomic Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific »

Source: Enhancing Macroeconomic Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific

Volume/Issue: 2015/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ezequiel Cabezon , Leni Hunter , Patrizia Tumbarello , Kazuaki Washimi , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513525792

Keywords: natural disasters, climate change, panel VAR, disaster risk management, disasters, disaster, natural disaster, damage, Environment and Growth, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Natural disasters and climate change are interrelated macro-critical issues affecting all Pacific small states to varying degrees. In addition to their devastating human costs, these events damage growth prospects...

Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round1/

Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round1/ »

Source: Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round

Volume/Issue: 1995/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451929041

Keywords: environment, environmental standards, environmental agreements, environmental problems, environmental taxes

The paper seeks to provide an overview of the present state of debate on trade, environment and the GATT for developing countries. Potential for green protectionism and relevant GATT rules are discussed in three ar...

Environmental Tax Reform

Environmental Tax Reform »

Source: Environmental Tax Reform : Principles from Theory and Practice to Date

Volume/Issue: 2012/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , John Norregaard , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505283

Keywords: design principles, externalities, fuel taxes, country evaluation, environmental tax, tax systems, tax reform, tax system, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Government Policy, Energy: Government Policy,

This paper recommends a system of upstream taxes on fossil fuels, combined with refunds for downstream emissions capture, to reduce carbon and local pollution emissions. Motor fuel taxes should also account for con...

Euro-Area Banking At the Crossroads

Euro-Area Banking At the Crossroads »

Source: Euro-Area Banking At the Crossroads

Volume/Issue: 2001/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Joaquim Levy , Laura Kodres , and Angel Ubide

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451844665

Keywords: Banking mergers, too big too fail, banking, banking system, banking sector, financial stability, financial institutions, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper analyses the process of disintermediation, the progress in consolidation, the impact of new technologies, and the role of ownership and control structures for the euro area banking sector. The impact of...

Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues From the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Former Soviet Union Countries

Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues From the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Former Soviet Union Countries »

Source: Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues From the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Former Soviet Union Countries

Volume/Issue: 1998/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dale Gray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

ISBN: 9781451845235

Keywords: petroleum, natural resources, regulation, energy, natural monopoly, taxation, oil and gas, tax burden, gas sector, oil sector

This paper examines the level and structure of fiscal revenues from the Baltics, Russia, and other former Soviet Union countries’ (BRO) energy sector and suggests reforms in energy tax policy. Revenues from...

Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters

Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters

Volume/Issue: 2009/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Klaus-Stefan Enders

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872286

Keywords: Exchange rate, current account, real exchange, government spending, real exchange rate,

While the underlying methodologies continue to be widely debated and refined, there is little consensus on how to assess the equilibrium exchange rate of economies dominated by production of finite natural resource...

Exchange Rate Determinants in Russia: 1992-1993

Exchange Rate Determinants in Russia: 1992-1993 »

Source: Exchange Rate Determinants in Russia : 1992-1993

Volume/Issue: 1994/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vincent Koen , and Eric Meyermans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1994

ISBN: 9781451848755

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange market, exchange rates

This paper examines the evolution of the exchange rate of the ruble vis-à-vis the U.S. dollar from exchange rate unification, in July 1992, to the end of 1993. The expected and actual paths of the exchange r...