Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 54 items :

  • Iran, Islamic Republic of x
Clear All
Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the methodologies used to provide calculations of the impact of energy subsidy reform on CO2 emissions, SO2 emissions, and other local pollutants. Here we consider a scenario in which...

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Definition and Measurement Energy subsidies comprise both consumer and producer subsidies. Consumer subsidies arise when the prices paid by consumers, including both firms (intermedi...

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Overview This chapter provides insights from country case studies to identify ingredients for successful subsidy reform. The country case studies include both successful and unsucces...

Energy Subsidy Reform
			: Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558111.071

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Un mundo mejor para todos
			: Avance hacia los Objetivos Mundiales de Desarrollo

Un mundo mejor para todos : Avance hacia los Objetivos Mundiales de Desarrollo »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2000

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451948912.071

ISBN: 9781451948912

Los economistas del FMI trabajan en estrecha colaboración con los países miembros sobre una variedad de temas. Con frecuencia comparten su perspectiva única sobre las experiencias de los distintos países y sobre pr...

Annex I

Annex I »

Source: The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

MENA at a Glance Coverage. The MENA region is defined to encompass the economies of the Arab League (Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon,...

The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997 »

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757111.071

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

The economy of the Middle East and North Africa improved considerably in 1996, and remained favorable in 1997. This paper, by Mohamed A. El-Erian and Susan Fennell, presents an assessment of the recent experience o...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

The economy of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has continued to strengthen in 1997, notwithstanding particularly difficult situations in certain individual economies. 1 An...

II. Recent Developments in the Macroeconomy

II. Recent Developments in the Macroeconomy »

Source: The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

A. Overview As recognized by governments throughout the region, sustaining a high rate of growth is the primary economic challenge facing the MENA economies. This is needed to enhanc...