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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

Chapter 15. Relieving Constraints on the Business Environment and Supporting Foreign Direct Investment

Chapter 15. Relieving Constraints on the Business Environment and Supporting Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: Race to the Next Income Frontier : How Senegal and Other Low-Income Countries Can Reach the Finish Line

Series: Books

Author(s): Ali Mansoor , Salifou Issoufou , and Daouda Sembene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484303139

Keywords: Debt sustainability, Economic growth, Economic reforms, Poverty reduction, Senegal, Gross domestric product growth, Inclusive growth, Output growth, Plan Senegal Emergent, growth rate

Introduction A country’s business environment may be defined as the set of political, legal, institutional, and regulatory conditions governing corporate activities. It is a subset o...

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction Many studies have stressed the fiscal cost and environmental impact of energy subsidies (see, for example, IEA 2011; IMF 2013a; Parry and others 2014; and World Bank 201...

Chapter 5. Strengthening Macro-Fiscal Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific

Chapter 5. Strengthening Macro-Fiscal Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

The Pacific island countries (PICs) are among the most susceptible to natural disasters in the world. The combination of location and small size heightens their vulnerability to earthquakes and weather-relat...

Acknowledgments

Acknowledgments »

Source: Breaking the Oil Spell : The Gulf Falcons' Path to Diversification

Series: Books

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513537863

Keywords: Export diversification, Nonoil sector, Oil exporting countries, Economic development, environment, development, oil, capital, industry, Gulf Falcons,

This book would not have been possible without the support of the IMF’s Middle East Center for Economics and Finance (CEF) in Kuwait. Indeed, the book is based on the high-level diversification conference...

Breaking the Oil Spell
			: The Gulf Falcons' Path to Diversification

Breaking the Oil Spell : The Gulf Falcons' Path to Diversification »

Series: Books

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537863.071

ISBN: 9781513537863

Keywords: Export diversification, Nonoil sector, Oil exporting countries, Economic development, environment, development, oil, capital, industry, Gulf Falcons,

The 'Gulf Falcons'-the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council-have high living standards as a result of large income flows from oil. The decline of oil prices between summer 2014 and fall 2015 underscores the ur...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Breaking the Oil Spell : The Gulf Falcons' Path to Diversification

Series: Books

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513537863

Keywords: Export diversification, Nonoil sector, Oil exporting countries, Economic development, environment, development, oil, capital, industry, Gulf Falcons,

The 'Gulf Falcons'-the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council-have high living standards as a result of large income flows from oil. The decline of oil prices between summer 2014 and fall 2015 underscores the ur...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Breaking the Oil Spell : The Gulf Falcons' Path to Diversification

Series: Books

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513537863

Keywords: Export diversification, Nonoil sector, Oil exporting countries, Economic development, environment, development, oil, capital, industry, Gulf Falcons,

The 'Gulf Falcons'-the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council-have high living standards as a result of large income flows from oil. The decline of oil prices between summer 2014 and fall 2015 underscores the ur...

Chapter 9. A Practitioner’s Narrative of Brazil’s Industrialization and the Role of the Brazilian Development Bank

Chapter 9. A Practitioner’s Narrative of Brazil’s Industrialization and the Role of the Brazilian Development Bank »

Source: Breaking the Oil Spell : The Gulf Falcons' Path to Diversification

Series: Books

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513537863

Keywords: Export diversification, Nonoil sector, Oil exporting countries, Economic development, environment, development, oil, capital, industry, Gulf Falcons,

Development, as economists say, is path dependent. That is, it is based on the context of individual countries and is historically determined. This chapter adopts a very pragmatic approach to this issue—from...

Chapter 8. Diversification and the Economy: The Role of Government in Enhancing the Industrial Base

Chapter 8. Diversification and the Economy: The Role of Government in Enhancing the Industrial Base »

Source: Breaking the Oil Spell : The Gulf Falcons' Path to Diversification

Series: Books

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513537863

Keywords: Export diversification, Nonoil sector, Oil exporting countries, Economic development, environment, development, oil, capital, industry, Gulf Falcons,

An individual economy develops and evolves along various paths. How different paths lead to a variation in economic prosperity and stability has always been a matter of curiosity to economists and policymake...

Chapter 6. Economic Diversification in Latin American Countries: A Way to Face Tough Times Ahead

Chapter 6. Economic Diversification in Latin American Countries: A Way to Face Tough Times Ahead »

Source: Breaking the Oil Spell : The Gulf Falcons' Path to Diversification

Series: Books

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513537863

Keywords: Export diversification, Nonoil sector, Oil exporting countries, Economic development, environment, development, oil, capital, industry, Gulf Falcons,

During the past decade, Latin American countries enjoyed some of their best economic times in recent memory. Most of the good performance is attributed to unusually favorable international prices, especially...