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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

An Analytical Framework of Environmental Issues

An Analytical Framework of Environmental Issues »

Source: An Analytical Framework of Environmental Issues

Volume/Issue: 1993/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Levin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1993

ISBN: 9781451847314

Keywords: environment, pollution, environmental effects, sulfur, carbon dioxide

Environmental effects which were insignificant in the past, when the fewer concentrations of population or products of modern technology allowed the vast absorptive capacity of nature to act as a sink, are quite ev...

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Empirical information concerning the direct effect of price and subsidy policy on income distribution is scarce and of questionable quality. In addition, existing studies do not cover a sufficient range of c...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard

Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard »

Source: Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard : Are Collective Action Clauses Costly?

Volume/Issue: 2001/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torbjorn Becker , Anthony Richards , and Yunyong Thaicharoen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451851595

Keywords: Bond restructuring, contract design, law, bonds, bond, bondholders, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Many official groups have endorsed the wider use by emerging market borrowers of contract clauses which allow for a qualified majority of bondholders to restructure repayment terms in the event of financial distres...

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Brazil : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2001/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451805901

Keywords: interest, deficit, debt, interest payments, budget

This paper analyzes several issues regarding fiscal sustainability and fiscal adjustment in Brazil during 1990 and searches for econometric evidence of a monetary dominant regime during some subperiods. The followi...

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Brazil : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2001/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451805901

Keywords: interest, deficit, debt, interest payments, budget

This paper analyzes several issues regarding fiscal sustainability and fiscal adjustment in Brazil during 1990 and searches for econometric evidence of a monetary dominant regime during some subperiods. The followi...

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Brazil : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2001/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451805901

Keywords: interest, deficit, debt, interest payments, budget

This paper analyzes several issues regarding fiscal sustainability and fiscal adjustment in Brazil during 1990 and searches for econometric evidence of a monetary dominant regime during some subperiods. The followi...

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Brazil : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2001/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451805901

Keywords: interest, deficit, debt, interest payments, budget

This paper analyzes several issues regarding fiscal sustainability and fiscal adjustment in Brazil during 1990 and searches for econometric evidence of a monetary dominant regime during some subperiods. The followi...