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Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment »

Source: Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Volume/Issue: 2002/008

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2002

ISBN: 9781498328838

Keywords: Article IV consultation procedure reviews, Exchange rate policy, Exchange rate policy surveillance, Multilateral surveillance, Staff-monitored programs, External sector, Economic conditions, International investment position, Economic integration, Regional economics

...

Bolivia

Bolivia »

Source: Bolivia : The Hydrocarbons Boom and the Risk of Dutch Disease

Volume/Issue: 2008/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870121

Keywords: Equilibrium Real Exchange, gas, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equilibrium exchange rate,

The hydrocarbons sector has become one of the most dynamic economic activities in the Bolivian economy and the main driver of improved export performance and international reserve accumulation. The central role of...

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework »

Source: The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

Volume/Issue: 2016/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2016

ISBN: 9781498345750

Keywords: Estimated incomes and expenses, Financial year, Fund administrative budget, Net income of Fund, SDR interest rates, Real interest rates, Interest rate increases, Interest rates, Expenditures, Accounting

The medium-term income projections have been updated from the April 2015 outlook and the February review of the adequacy of precautionary balances. The main changes to the outlook stem from a more gradual rise in t...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1 »

Source: The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

Exchange Rate Determinants in Russia: 1992-1993

Exchange Rate Determinants in Russia: 1992-1993 »

Source: Exchange Rate Determinants in Russia : 1992-1993

Volume/Issue: 1994/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vincent Koen , and Eric Meyermans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1994

ISBN: 9781451848755

Keywords: Exchange rate policy, Russian Federation, foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange market, exchange rates

This paper examines the evolution of the exchange rate of the ruble vis-à-vis the U.S. dollar from exchange rate unification, in July 1992, to the end of 1993. The expected and actual paths of the exchange rate are...

IMF Institute seminar: Measuring poverty: pitfalls, prescriptions, and policy implications

IMF Institute seminar: Measuring poverty: pitfalls, prescriptions, and policy implications »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 05

Volume/Issue: 32/5

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451935233

Keywords: oil prices, oil sector, exchange rate, fiscal policy, real exchange

Russia's unexpectedly strong recovery since its 1998 crisis has left people wondering whether it is just a temporary result of higher oil prices and the postcrisis depreciation of the ruble or a sign ofdurable impr...

Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment »

Volume/Issue: 2002/008

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498328838.007

ISBN: 9781498328838

Keywords: Article IV consultation procedure reviews, Exchange rate policy, Exchange rate policy surveillance, Multilateral surveillance, Staff-monitored programs, External sector, Economic conditions, International investment position, Economic integration, Regional economics

...

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2016/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498345750.007

ISBN: 9781498345750

Keywords: Estimated incomes and expenses, Financial year, Fund administrative budget, Net income of Fund, SDR interest rates, Real interest rates, Interest rate increases, Interest rates, Expenditures, Accounting

The medium-term income projections have been updated from the April 2015 outlook and the February review of the adequacy of precautionary balances. The main changes to the outlook stem from a more gradual rise in t...

Republic of Armenia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment

Republic of Armenia : Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2019/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396933.002

ISBN: 9781484396933

Keywords: Accounting standards, Accounting systems, Accrual accounting, Audit process, Auditing, Bank accounting, Budget approval, Budget classification, Budget deficits, Budget execution

This paper discusses results of a technical assistance report prepared to evaluate the quality of Armenia's public investment institutions in the planning, budgeting, and implementation stages of public investment...

An Oil and Gas Model

An Oil and Gas Model »

Volume/Issue: 2007/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Noureddine Krichene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866995.001

ISBN: 9781451866995

Keywords: elasticity, exchange rate, impulse response, interest rate, multiplier, gas, oil and gas, oil demand,

This paper formulated a short-run model, with an explicit role for monetary policy, for analyzing world oil and gas markets. The model described carefully the parameters of these markets and their vulnerability to...