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Armenia

Armenia »

Source: Armenia : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 1999/128

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 1999

ISBN: 9781451801439

Keywords: banking, banking system, foreign exchange, tax revenues, tax system

This paper reports economic developments in the Republic of Armenia during 1998-99. Prior to August 1998, real GDP growth was strong, inflation had declined to moderate levels, the current account deficit was decli...

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan »

Source: Azerbaijan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/83

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451802528

Keywords: exchange rate, oil sector, real exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rate appreciation

This paper describes economic developments in the Azerbaijan Republic during the 1990s. Real GDP declined by more than 70 percent from 1992 to 1995, by which time high inflation had eroded real incomes, the exchang...

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan »

Source: Azerbaijan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1995/119

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 1995

ISBN: 9781451802504

Keywords: inflation, foreign exchange, inflation tax, foreign currency, natural gas

This paper reviews economic developments in Azerbaijan during the 1990s. In 1992, approximately 70-80 percent of producer and consumer prices were liberalized, and enterprises were allowed greater latitude in their...

7 Central Bank Accounting and Internal Audit

7 Central Bank Accounting and Internal Audit »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

The broad focus of reforms in central bank accounting and internal audit has been on the implementation of accounting systems that are both relevant and practical for supporting the...

Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756084.071

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Since 1992, the central banks of the Baltic states and the Commonwealth of Independent States have undertaken comprehensive reform of their monetary and exchange arrangements in support of their stabilization effor...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Since 1992, the central banks of the Baltic states and the Commonwealth of Independent States have undertaken comprehensive reform of their monetary and exchange arrangements in support of their stabilization effor...

5 Foreign Exchange Operations, Markets, and Reserve Management

5 Foreign Exchange Operations, Markets, and Reserve Management »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Over the last four years, the transition countries have, on the whole, moved substantially toward more market-based exchange rate arrangements, with a view to promoting both greater...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

The decade of the 1990s was surely one of the most dramatic periods in Yemen‧ s rich history. Unification of the two Yemens, rapid development of an oil sector, and a radically changed external...

II External Environment: Politics, Oil, and Debt

II External Environment: Politics, Oil, and Debt »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

Economic developments in Yemen in the 1990s were driven largely by dramatic changes in the political sphere—in particular, by unification and civil war—and by external events, chief among which...

III Macroeconomic Policy During 1990–99

III Macroeconomic Policy During 1990–99 »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

The macroeconomic policy mix in Yemen in the first half of the 1990s differed radically from that in the second. Unification of the YAR and the PDRY in 1990 joined two countries each of which al...