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Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment »

Source: Biennial Review of the Implementation of the Fund's Surveillance and of the 1977 Surveillance Decision - Surveillance in a Program Environment

Volume/Issue: 2002/008

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2002

ISBN: 9781498328838

Keywords: Article IV consultation procedure reviews, Exchange rate policy, Exchange rate policy surveillance, Multilateral surveillance, Staff-monitored programs, External sector, Economic conditions, International investment position, Economic integration, Regional economics

...

4. Capital Flows to MENAP and the CCA: Opportunities and Risks

4. Capital Flows to MENAP and the CCA: Opportunities and Risks »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Capital flows to the Middle East and Central Asian countries have been resilient even as global financial conditions tightened in 2014–16. Such flows have helped finance current account and fisc...

Caucasus and Central Asia

Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351298

Keywords: Economic recovery, Energy prices, Commodity prices, Economic forecasting, Economic conditions, Spillovers, South Sudan, Regional Economic Outlook, Foreign direct investment, Monetary policy

Population, millions (2010) GDP per capita, U.S. dollars (2010) Sources: IMF Regional Econ...

3. Caucasus and Central Asia: Boosting Competitiveness for Higher and More Inclusive Growth

3. Caucasus and Central Asia: Boosting Competitiveness for Higher and More Inclusive Growth »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Global trade tensions and slowing growth in key trading partners are affecting the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) region. However, despite a decline in export growth, growth will remain broadly...

3. Caucasus and Central Asia: Safeguarding the Recovery

3. Caucasus and Central Asia: Safeguarding the Recovery »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351298

Keywords: Economic recovery, Energy prices, Commodity prices, Economic forecasting, Economic conditions, Spillovers, South Sudan, Regional Economic Outlook, Foreign direct investment, Monetary policy

The near-term growth outlook is broadly positive across the CCA region, helped by high oil prices for the oil and gas exporters and the continuing recovery in Russia for the oil...

CHAPTER 6. Conclusions

CHAPTER 6. Conclusions »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

Over the past decades, African countries have set ambitious goals for their regional trade arrangements, but the results have so far fallen short of expectations. Most African RTAs started with a low level o...

CHAPTER 3. Effects of African Trade Arrangements

CHAPTER 3. Effects of African Trade Arrangements »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

A. Have RTAs Helped Increase Intraregional Trade? Time-series data show that the impact of the RTAs on intra-African trade seems to have been small or insignificant. As a share of th...

CHAPTER 1. Introduction

CHAPTER 1. Introduction »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

Africa is home to some 30 regional trade arrangements (RTAs), many of which are part of deeper regional integration schemes. 1 On average, each African country belongs to four RTA...

CHAPTER 4. Policy Implications

CHAPTER 4. Policy Implications »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

The generally disappointing record of African RTAs warrants a reexamination of the underlying assumptions. Is the record disappointing because no preconditions were established to make the RTAs beneficial, d...

CHAPTER 2. Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

CHAPTER 2. Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

A. Global Background RTAs have been proliferating exponentially throughout the world. Nearly all countries now participate in at least one RTA, and approximately 300 RTAs, both bilat...