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Chapter 3 Assessing Financial Stability

Chapter 3 Assessing Financial Stability »

Source: Financial Sector Assessment : A Handbook

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 29 September 2005

ISBN: 9780821364321

Keywords: Financial sector, financial institutions, financial system, credit, microfinance

Financial system stability in a broad sense means both the avoidance of financial institutions failing in large numbers and the avoidance of serious disruptions to the intermediation functions of the financi...

Chapter 1. How to Mitigate Climate Changes

Chapter 1. How to Mitigate Climate Changes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

Introduction Without substantial mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, global temperatures are projected to rise by around 4°C above preindustrial levels by 2100 (they have already...

Chapter 31. Portfolio Credit Risk and Macroeconomic Shocks: Applications to Stress Testing under Data-Restricted Environments

Chapter 31. Portfolio Credit Risk and Macroeconomic Shocks: Applications to Stress Testing under Data-Restricted Environments »

Source: A Guide to IMF Stress Testing : Methods and Models

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Ong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781484368589

Keywords: banking, banking system, financial institutions, financial stability, financial sector

Portfolio credit risk measurement is greatly affected by data constraints, especially when focusing on loans given to unlisted firms. Standard methodologies adopt convenient but not necessarily properly spec...

Chapter 7 Rural and Microfinance Institutions: Regulatory and Supervisory Issues

Chapter 7 Rural and Microfinance Institutions: Regulatory and Supervisory Issues »

Source: Financial Sector Assessment : A Handbook

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: The World Bank

Publication Date: 29 September 2005

ISBN: 9780821364321

Keywords: Financial sector, financial institutions, financial system, credit, microfinance

7.1 Overview The providing of financial services to the poor and the very-poor, particularly in rural areas, is the purpose of microfinance institutions (MFIs), and the assessment of...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1 »

Source: The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment in Weak(er) Institutional Environments

The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment in Weak(er) Institutional Environments »

Source: The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment in Weak(er) Institutional Environments

Volume/Issue: 2010/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , and Sophia Gollwitzer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

ISBN: 9781455205233

Keywords: Macroeconomic Commitment Institutions, Political-Economic Institutions, inflation, central bank, monetary fund, monetary union, The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy, Other Economic Systems: Other

This paper analyzes the institutional conditions affecting the establishment and effectiveness of independent central banks and of budgetary institutions. It draws on the recent theory developed by North, Wallis an...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Fiscal Monitor, October 2019
			: How to Mitigate Climate Change

Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321228.089

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

This report emphasizes the environmental, fiscal, economic, and administrative case for using carbon taxes, or similar pricing schemes such as emission trading systems, to implement climate mitigation strategies. I...

Fueling Risk: Energy subsidies in low- and middle-income countries can take a big toll on their fiscal health

Fueling Risk: Energy subsidies in low- and middle-income countries can take a big toll on their fiscal health »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2012

Volume/Issue: 49/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 November 2012

ISBN: 9781475504767

Keywords: Finance and Development, financial sector, financial stability, international financial architecture, global financial system

Technology is generating a global convergence. A "big bang" of information-and education as well-is improving human lives. And with global interconnectivity growing by leaps and bounds, we are all witness to a rapi...

Ghana
			: Economic Development in a Democratic Environment

Ghana : Economic Development in a Democratic Environment »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joachim Harnack , Sérgio Leite , Stefania Fabrizio , Luisa Zanforlin , Girma Begashaw , and Anthony Pellechio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759603.084

ISBN: 9781557759603

Keywords: Development, Economic recovery, expenditure, poverty reduction, banking, banking system, state enterprises

This chapter explores the key relationships between participatory democracy and successful economic development and reviews the early steps of participatory decision making in Ghana. More generally, it sets the sta...