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The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1 »

Source: The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus »

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516097.001

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco »

Volume/Issue: 2019/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Babacar Sarr , Mokhtar Benlamine , and Zsuzsa Munkacsi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513513768.001

ISBN: 9781513513768

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Bankruptcy, Banks, Basket of currency peg, Capital, Capital accumulation, Capital flows, Capital formation, Commodity markets, Commodity prices

This paper studies the macroeconomic effects and sequencing of (LMRs) and product (PMRs) market reforms in Morocco. It finds that introducing LMRs and PMRs simultaneously would add about 2.5 percentage points (pp)...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

Volume/Issue: 2019/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Babacar Sarr , Mokhtar Benlamine , and Zsuzsa Munkacsi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513513768

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Bankruptcy, Banks, Basket of currency peg, Capital, Capital accumulation, Capital flows, Capital formation, Commodity markets, Commodity prices

This paper studies the macroeconomic effects and sequencing of (LMRs) and product (PMRs) market reforms in Morocco. It finds that introducing LMRs and PMRs simultaneously would add about 2.5 percentage points (pp)...

Chapter 1. How to Mitigate Climate Changes

Chapter 1. How to Mitigate Climate Changes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

Introduction Without substantial mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, global temperatures are projected to rise by around 4°C above preindustrial levels by 2100 (they have already...

Fiscal Monitor, October 2019
			: How to Mitigate Climate Change

Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321228.089

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

This report emphasizes the environmental, fiscal, economic, and administrative case for using carbon taxes, or similar pricing schemes such as emission trading systems, to implement climate mitigation strategies. I...

A Possible Approach to Fiscal Rules in Small Islands - Incorporating Natural Disasters and Climate Change

A Possible Approach to Fiscal Rules in Small Islands - Incorporating Natural Disasters and Climate Change »

Volume/Issue: 2019/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ryota Nakatani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511047.001

ISBN: 9781513511047

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Public financial management, Fiscal policy, Economic growth, Business cycles, Fiscal Rule, Expenditure Rule, Recurrent Expenditure, Natural Disaster, Climate Change

A big challenge for the economic development of small island countries is dealing with external shocks. The Pacific Islands are vulnerable to natural disasters, climate change, commodity price changes, and uncertai...

A Possible Approach to Fiscal Rules in Small Islands - Incorporating Natural Disasters and Climate Change

A Possible Approach to Fiscal Rules in Small Islands - Incorporating Natural Disasters and Climate Change »

Source: A Possible Approach to Fiscal Rules in Small Islands - Incorporating Natural Disasters and Climate Change

Volume/Issue: 2019/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ryota Nakatani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513511047

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Public financial management, Fiscal policy, Economic growth, Business cycles, Fiscal Rule, Expenditure Rule, Recurrent Expenditure, Natural Disaster, Climate Change

A big challenge for the economic development of small island countries is dealing with external shocks. The Pacific Islands are vulnerable to natural disasters, climate change, commodity price changes, and uncertai...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320801.001

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...