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Appendix 1: Data Sources and Methodology

Appendix 1: Data Sources and Methodology »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

The source for real GDP and investment data for Iran is the latest Central Bank of Iran database; for the rest of the countries, the source is the International Financial Statistics database. The source for...

Appendix 2: Productivity Growth in Iran and Its Trading Partner Countries, 1993–2002

Appendix 2: Productivity Growth in Iran and Its Trading Partner Countries, 1993–2002 »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Productivity Growth in Iran and its Trading Partner Countries, 1993–2002 (Average annual percentage change, unless otherwise indicated)...

Appendix 4: Subsidies

Appendix 4: Subsidies »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Explicit subsidies include budgetary subsidies to households for essential commodities, such as wheat, rice, oil, sugar, milk, and cheese; imports of medical equipment and pharmaceuticals; fertilizers; and s...

Appendix 3: The Oil Stabilization Fund

Appendix 3: The Oil Stabilization Fund »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

The Oil Stabilization Fund (OSF) was established in December 2000 with the objective of insulating the budget from fluctuations in oil prices. The fund was established as a foreign currency account at the ce...

Chapter 4: Approaches to Assessing the Exchange Rate Level

Chapter 4: Approaches to Assessing the Exchange Rate Level »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Following a long period of multiple and unstable exchange rates in Iran, the exchange rate was successfully unified in March 2002. Since then, Iran has adopted a managed float exchange rate regime and elimin...

Chapter 4. Commodity Price Volatility: Impact and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries

Chapter 4. Commodity Price Volatility: Impact and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction The roller-coaster experience of recent years has highlighted the fact that commodity price fluctuations are an integral part of the global economy. 1...

Chapter 11. Commodity Price Volatility, Poverty, and Growth Inclusiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Chapter 11. Commodity Price Volatility, Poverty, and Growth Inclusiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction The comparative advantage of sub-Saharan African countries predominantly lies in the export of commodities, whether they be oil, mineral, or agricultural. Managing devel...

Chapter 14. Distributional Consequences and Policy Responses to Food Price Inflation in Developing Asia

Chapter 14. Distributional Consequences and Policy Responses to Food Price Inflation in Developing Asia »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction Rapidly rising food prices are not just a macroeconomic problem. By directly influencing poverty levels, they create a political challenge for developing countries. As t...

Chapter 1: Economic Growth

Chapter 1: Economic Growth »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Iran faces the challenge of increasing its growth rate to reduce unemployment and improve the living standards of its population over the medium term. Growth performance in recent years (6 percent during 200...

Chapter 7. Fiscal Policy for Commodity-Exporting Countries: Chile’s Experience

Chapter 7. Fiscal Policy for Commodity-Exporting Countries: Chile’s Experience »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction Chile, a small economy strongly integrated into world markets, is an important producer and exporter of commodities. Copper dominates its market: Chile has a one-third s...