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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the methodologies used to provide calculations of the impact of energy subsidy reform on CO2 emissions, SO2 emissions, and other local pollutants. Here we consider a scenario in which...

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Definition and Measurement Energy subsidies comprise both consumer and producer subsidies. Consumer subsidies arise when the prices paid by consumers, including both firms (intermedi...

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Overview This chapter provides insights from country case studies to identify ingredients for successful subsidy reform. The country case studies include both successful and unsucces...

Energy Subsidy Reform
			: Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558111.071

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Inclusive Growth, Institutions, and the Underground Economy

Inclusive Growth, Institutions, and the Underground Economy »

Volume/Issue: 2012/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adil Mohommad , Anoop Singh , and Sonali Jain-Chandra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463937089.001

ISBN: 9781463937089

Keywords: institutions, law, property rights, regulatory burden, institutional development, income tax rate, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Worldwide protests against the perceived lack of economic opportunity and failure of governance have refocused attention on the need for inclusive growth and strong institutions. In developing countries, large info...

Inclusive Growth, Institutions, and the Underground Economy

Inclusive Growth, Institutions, and the Underground Economy »

Source: Inclusive Growth, Institutions, and the Underground Economy

Volume/Issue: 2012/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adil Mohommad , Anoop Singh , and Sonali Jain-Chandra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937089

Keywords: institutions, law, property rights, regulatory burden, institutional development, income tax rate, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Worldwide protests against the perceived lack of economic opportunity and failure of governance have refocused attention on the need for inclusive growth and strong institutions. In developing countries, large info...

Investing in Public Investment
			: An Index of Public Investment Efficiency

Investing in Public Investment : An Index of Public Investment Efficiency »

Volume/Issue: 2011/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zac Mills , Annette Kyobe , Jim Brumby , Chris Papageorgiou , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455217892.001

ISBN: 9781455217892

Keywords: public investment management, project appraisal, selection, implementation, and evaluation, growth, investment management, budget institutions, investment projects, investment spending

This paper introduces a new index that captures the institutional environment underpinning public investment management across four different stages: project appraisal, selection, implementation, and evaluation. Co...

Investing in Public Investment

Investing in Public Investment »

Source: Investing in Public Investment : An Index of Public Investment Efficiency

Volume/Issue: 2011/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zac Mills , Annette Kyobe , Jim Brumby , Chris Papageorgiou , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217892

Keywords: public investment management, project appraisal, selection, implementation, and evaluation, growth, investment management, budget institutions, investment projects, investment spending

This paper introduces a new index that captures the institutional environment underpinning public investment management across four different stages: project appraisal, selection, implementation, and evaluation. Co...

Islamic Republic of Mauritania
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Islamic Republic of Mauritania : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2006/248

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451827576.002

ISBN: 9781451827576

Keywords: international monetary fund, long ? term, primary deficit

Statistical data and issues are discussed in this paper. Mauritania reached the completion point under the enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries. In July 2004, a new economic team took actions to...