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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment
			: What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment : What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market »

Volume/Issue: 2015/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman , Ara Stepanyan , Jessie Yang , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552170.001

ISBN: 9781513552170

Keywords: Export integration, structural reform, supply chain, new member states, environment, trade, incentives, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

How do countries enhance their exports of goods in a largely tariff-free environment? Our investigation of export performance of new member states in the European Union single market, which provides a natural contr...

Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative
			: Turning Sinners Into Saints?

Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative : Turning Sinners Into Saints? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph De Haas , Yevgeniya Korniyenko , Alexander Pivovarsky , and Elena Loukoianova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503463.001

ISBN: 9781475503463

Keywords: Foreign Banks, Vienna Initiative, Financial Crisis, State Support, subsidiaries, banking, bank subsidiaries, capital markets, bank lending

We use data on 1,294 banks in Central and Eastern Europe to analyze how bank ownership and creditor coordination in the form of the Vienna Initiative affected credit growth during the 2008-09 crisis. As part of the...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350024.044

ISBN: 9781616350024

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, direct investment, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Reforming Government Subsidies in the New Member States of the European Union

Reforming Government Subsidies in the New Member States of the European Union »

Volume/Issue: 2008/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alex Segura-Ubiergo , Taline Koranchelian , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870237.001

ISBN: 9781451870237

Keywords: new member states, subsidy reform, state aid to enterprises, energy subsidies, and transportation subsidies, subsidies, subsidy, energy subsidy,

Subsidy reform has been a key component of the pre-accession reform agenda of the 10 new member states that joined the EU in 2004 (EU-10). During the pre-accession period, these countries had to undertake a number...

Current Account Developments in New Member States of the European Union
			: Equilibrium, Excess, and EU-Phoria

Current Account Developments in New Member States of the European Union : Equilibrium, Excess, and EU-Phoria »

Volume/Issue: 2008/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869538.001

ISBN: 9781451869538

Keywords: Current account norm, macroeconomic balance approach, fdi, investment climate, transition economies, exchange rate regime

This paper analyzes current account (CA) developments in the following 10 new EU members states: Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. During the las...

Foreign Direct Investment in Southeastern Europe
			: How (and How Much) Can Policies Help?

Foreign Direct Investment in Southeastern Europe : How (and How Much) Can Policies Help? »

Volume/Issue: 2005/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elina Ribakova , Balázs Horváth , Dimitri Demekas , and Yi Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861297.001

ISBN: 9781451861297

Keywords: Southeastern Europe, fdi, direct investment, host country, foreign investment, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies: Performance and Prospects,

Gravity factors explain a large part of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in Southeastern Europe-a region not comprehensively covered before in econometric studies-but hostcountry policies also matter. Key ar...

The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy
			: The Case of Romania

The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy : The Case of Romania »

Volume/Issue: 2003/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Cossé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974546.003

ISBN: 9781451974546

Keywords: Europe, European Economic and Monetary Union, Social security, Romania, energy sector, quasi-fiscal activities, macroeconomic stabilization, transition, energy, natural gas

This paper assesses the main issues faced by the energy sector in a transition economy such as Romania and their macroeconomic dimension. It examines how the size of quasi-fiscal subsidies, owing mainly to inapprop...

Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Domestic Prices
			: Does the Inflationary Environment Matter?

Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Domestic Prices : Does the Inflationary Environment Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2001/194

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , and Ehsan Choudhri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859867.001

ISBN: 9781451859867

Keywords: Pass-through, exchange rate, inflation rate, average inflation, average inflation rate, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The paper tests a hypothesis suggested by Taylor (2000) that a low inflationary environment leads to a low exchange rate pass-through to domestic prices. To test this hypothesis, the paper derives a pass-through re...

Romania
			: Statistical Appendix

Romania : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1998/123

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451832693.002

ISBN: 9781451832693

Keywords: lead, gas, copper, iron

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Romania
			: Recent Economic Developments

Romania : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1997/46

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451832686.002

ISBN: 9781451832686

Keywords: pos, prices, credit, payments, shares

This paper reviews economic developments in Romania during 1990-97. Reforms have been relatively slow since the beginning of the transition process. Except for a brief and inconsequential interlude in 1993, compreh...