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Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

Economic Diversification in the GCC
			: Past, Present, and Future

Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future »

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498303231.006

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Source: How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498358279.001

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

8.1 Introduction As the global economic crisis took hold, the GCC countries’ financial systems found themselves affected through contagion despite the relatively low direct exposure...

5. Fiscal Policy for Macroeconomic Stability

5. Fiscal Policy for Macroeconomic Stability »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

5.1 Introduction Macroeconomic stability is important for long-term growth and the literature has discussed several channels through which volatility can reduce growth....

4. Government Spending, Subsidies, and Economic Efficiency

4. Government Spending, Subsidies, and Economic Efficiency »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

4.1 Introduction The activities of the government have a heightened importance in the Gulf countries because oil revenues accrue to the government and the way they are spent or saved...

1. Introductory Chapter

1. Introductory Chapter »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

1.1 Introduction The countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) have gone through considerable changes in the last decade, spurred by high oil prices and ambitious diversificati...

The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf »

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780199683796.071

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

The economies of the Arab states of the Gulf have gone through considerable changes in the last decade, spurred by high oil prices and ambitious diversification plans. Large-scale immigration provided the labor for...

6. Monetary Policy with a Fixed Exchange Rate Regime

6. Monetary Policy with a Fixed Exchange Rate Regime »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

6.1 Introduction The dollar peg has been the nominal anchor for monetary policy for many years in the GCC. 1 The pegged exchange rate regime provide...