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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the methodologies used to provide calculations of the impact of energy subsidy reform on CO2 emissions, SO2 emissions, and other local pollutants. Here we consider a scenario in which...

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Definition and Measurement Energy subsidies comprise both consumer and producer subsidies. Consumer subsidies arise when the prices paid by consumers, including both firms (intermedi...

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Overview This chapter provides insights from country case studies to identify ingredients for successful subsidy reform. The country case studies include both successful and unsucces...

Energy Subsidy Reform
			: Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558111.071

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Part IV. Adapting To The Environment: PFM Reform In Developing Countries

Part IV. Adapting To The Environment: PFM Reform In Developing Countries »

Source: Public Financial Management and Its Emerging Architecture

Series: Books

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Teresa Curristine , and Michel Lazare

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475531091

Keywords: decentralization, fiscal rules, rules, expenditure, public investment

...

6 A Framework for Financial Stability

6 A Framework for Financial Stability »

Source: Safeguarding Financial Stability : Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064409

Keywords: credit, financial system, otc, financial institutions

The framework developed in this chapter seeks to integrate the analytical and policy elements of financial stability, building on the characteristics of finance and the definition of financial stability deve...

8 Challenges Posed by the Globalization of Finance and Risk

8 Challenges Posed by the Globalization of Finance and Risk »

Source: Safeguarding Financial Stability : Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064409

Keywords: credit, financial system, otc, financial institutions

While it is reasonable to presume that the structural financial changes that occurred in international markets since the mid- to late 1970s have been beneficial overall, it would be complacent to ignore, and...

5 Defining Financial Stability

5 Defining Financial Stability »

Source: Safeguarding Financial Stability : Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064409

Keywords: credit, financial system, otc, financial institutions

This chapter proposes a definition of financial-system stability that has practical and operational relevance and that encompasses many of the relevant features of the existing policy literature....

4 Efficiency and Stability

4 Efficiency and Stability »

Source: Safeguarding Financial Stability : Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064409

Keywords: credit, financial system, otc, financial institutions

This chapter distinguishes briefly between the concepts of efficiency and stability. It then discusses three situations that help put observed financial dynamics into perspective. Econo...