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Climate Change and the Economy

Climate Change and the Economy »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

The Greening of Markets Financial markets can play a valuable role in addressing climate change

The Greening of Markets Financial markets can play a valuable role in addressing climate change »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Paying for Climate Change

Paying for Climate Change »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

CHAPTER 6. Conclusions

CHAPTER 6. Conclusions »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

Over the past decades, African countries have set ambitious goals for their regional trade arrangements, but the results have so far fallen short of expectations. Most African RTAs started with a low level o...

CHAPTER 3. Effects of African Trade Arrangements

CHAPTER 3. Effects of African Trade Arrangements »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

A. Have RTAs Helped Increase Intraregional Trade? Time-series data show that the impact of the RTAs on intra-African trade seems to have been small or insignificant. As a share of th...

CHAPTER 1. Introduction

CHAPTER 1. Introduction »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

Africa is home to some 30 regional trade arrangements (RTAs), many of which are part of deeper regional integration schemes. 1 On average, each African country belongs to four RTA...

CHAPTER 4. Policy Implications

CHAPTER 4. Policy Implications »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

The generally disappointing record of African RTAs warrants a reexamination of the underlying assumptions. Is the record disappointing because no preconditions were established to make the RTAs beneficial, d...

CHAPTER 2. Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

CHAPTER 2. Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

A. Global Background RTAs have been proliferating exponentially throughout the world. Nearly all countries now participate in at least one RTA, and approximately 300 RTAs, both bilat...

CHAPTER 5. Role of the IMF

CHAPTER 5. Role of the IMF »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

The discussion so far highlights the need to take a broad perspective in thinking about how to make African RTAs work better. Careful design and sustained implementation are necessary to make any RTA deliver...

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064393.058

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

In recent years, African policymakers have increasingly resorted to regional trade arrangements (RTAs) as a substitute for broad-based trade liberalization. This trend has long-term implications for the effectivene...