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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

In December 1989, with the fall of Nicolae Ceausescu, Romania reached a turning point in its history. The provisional Government that took over announced immediately a sharp and permanent break with the past...

II The Economic System Before the Beginning of Reform

II The Economic System Before the Beginning of Reform »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

To clarify what the reform program is trying to achieve and the obstacles it faces, this section describes the main aspects of the centrally planned system in Romania and its development in the 1970s and 198...

III Mapping the Transition: Design of the Reform Program

III Mapping the Transition: Design of the Reform Program »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

Against a background of economic, institutional, and social crisis in Romania, a coherent reform strategy gradually emerged. This section examines the overall design of the reform program, and, in particular...

IV Principal Objectives of the Romanian Reform Program

IV Principal Objectives of the Romanian Reform Program »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

The main objectives of the Romanian reform program fall into three broad categories: introducing market forces into the economy, notably by liberalizing prices, trade and the exchange system, and interest ra...

The Romanian Economic Reform Program

The Romanian Economic Reform Program »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751904.084

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

This paper outlines the main characteristics and the development of the centrally planned economic sysetm in Romania before the beginnings of the transition to a market eonomy it then presents the design, objective...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

This paper outlines the main characteristics and the development of the centrally planned economic sysetm in Romania before the beginnings of the transition to a market eonomy it then presents the design, objective...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

This paper outlines the main characteristics and the development of the centrally planned economic sysetm in Romania before the beginnings of the transition to a market eonomy it then presents the design, objective...

V Conclusions

V Conclusions »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

The Romanian reform program is designed to bring the country out of a strict centrally planned economic system into a world where individual choice and markets play the central role. In just over a year, con...

Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship in Africa: A liberal economic climate will help promote small businesses

Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship in Africa: A liberal economic climate will help promote small businesses »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1988

ISBN: 9781616353759

Keywords: adjustment programs, structural adjustment, external shocks, aggregate demand, process of adjustment

This paper describes the effect of IMF-supported adjustment programs on the poor. The paper highlights that IMF-supported adjustment programs have often been misunderstood and have been criticized for seeking exces...

Economic development and the environment: How the Bank balances development goals with environmental concerns

Economic development and the environment: How the Bank balances development goals with environmental concerns »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1986

Volume/Issue: 23/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1986

ISBN: 9781616353674

Keywords: debt, conditionality, adjustment lending, loans, debt forgiveness

This paper describes the World Bank's mission in a changing world. Conditionality of the Bank is different in several ways as it operates over a longer timeframe and relates to the more comfortable issues of econom...