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II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

IMF and the Environment

IMF and the Environment »

Series: Other Statistical Electronic Products

Author(s): Ved Gandhi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757371.038

ISBN: 9781557757371

Keywords: environment, environmental issues, environmental degradation, environmental problems, environmental policies

In recent years, observers have called on the IMF to pay closer attention to certain issues that do not fall directly within its mandate, such as the environment. This booklet reviews IMF's approach to environmenta...

The IMF and the Environment

The IMF and the Environment »

Source: IMF and the Environment

Series: Other Statistical Electronic Products

Author(s): Ved Gandhi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 1998

ISBN: 9781557757371

Keywords: environment, environmental issues, environmental degradation, environmental problems, environmental policies

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was founded in 1944 to promote international monetary stability and cooperation. It does this by providing policy advice, financing, and techni...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: IMF and the Environment

Series: Other Statistical Electronic Products

Author(s): Ved Gandhi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 1998

ISBN: 9781557757371

Keywords: environment, environmental issues, environmental degradation, environmental problems, environmental policies

In recent years, observers have called on the IMF to pay closer attention to certain issues that do not fall directly within its mandate, such as the environment. This booklet reviews IMF's approach to environmenta...

XXII. Public Expenditure and the Environment

XXII. Public Expenditure and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Handbook : A Guide to Public Policy Issues in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752222

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, military, health care, fiscal policy

Does economic activity degrade the environment? What are the least-cost methods of moving an eco...