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Ambiguity, Transparency, and Institutional Strength

Ambiguity, Transparency, and Institutional Strength »

Source: Ambiguity, Transparency, and Institutional Strength

Volume/Issue: 2004/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Erbas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451853896

Keywords: risk, Knightian uncertainty, vertical and horizontal integration, institutions, probability, probabilities, investors, investment decisions, expected value, Analysis of Collective Decision-Making: General

Institutional transparency makes future contingencies more easily predictable for investors. Greater transparency can be achieved through vertical and horizontal integration of policy rules, which may result in low...

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies »

Source: Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies : Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 2012/289

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Christos Kotsogiannis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475552942

Keywords: Environmental taxation, cap-and-trade, Pareto efficiency, border tax adjustments, carbon taxes, border tax, trade policies, trade taxes, Trade and Environment, General,

This paper explores the role of trade instruments in globally efficient climate policies, focusing on the central issue of whether some form of border tax adjustment (BTA) is warranted when carbon prices differ int...

Debt Sustainability, Public Investment, and Natural Resources in Developing Countries: the DIGNAR Model*

Debt Sustainability, Public Investment, and Natural Resources in Developing Countries: the DIGNAR Model* »

Source: Debt Sustainability, Public Investment, and Natural Resources in Developing Countries : the DIGNAR Model

Volume/Issue: 2014/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Melina , Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 2014

ISBN: 9781475515459

Keywords: Small Open DSGE Models, DIGNAR, commercial borrowing, fiscal gap, domestic borrowing, commercial debt, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper presents the DIGNAR (Debt, Investment, Growth, and Natural Resources) model, which can be used to analyze the debt sustainability and macroeconomic effects of public investment plans in resource-abundant...

Domestic Investment and the Cost of Capital in the Caribbean

Domestic Investment and the Cost of Capital in the Caribbean »

Source: Domestic Investment and the Cost of Capital in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2006/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shaun Roache

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864120

Keywords: capital stock, public investment, capital goods, capital formation, Business Taxes and Subsidies including sales and value-added (VAT), Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm,

Investment-to-GDP ratios across the Caribbean tend to be relatively high. In many countries, these ratios have been trending higher since the mid-1990s, largely reflecting public investment and foreign direct inves...

Financial Intermediation Costs in Low-Income Countries

Financial Intermediation Costs in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Financial Intermediation Costs in Low-Income Countries : The Role of Regulatory, Institutional, and Macroeconomic Factors

Volume/Issue: 2012/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503937

Keywords: Net Interest Margins, Low Income Countries, Emerging Economies, market concentration, banking, net interest margin, competition, bank entry

We analyze factors driving persistently higher financial intermediation costs in low-income countries (LICs) relative to emerging market (EMs) country comparators. Using the net interest margin as a proxy for finan...

Fiscal Policy Management in an Open Capital Regime

Fiscal Policy Management in an Open Capital Regime »

Source: Fiscal Policy Management in an Open Capital Regime

Volume/Issue: 1997/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1997

ISBN: 9781451922158

Keywords: globalization, capital flows, capital inflows, fiscal position, fiscal stance

This paper argues that as countries open their capital regimes, the appropriate fiscal stance should become more conservative than when capital is immobile. Further fiscal adjustment may be necessary in the face of...

How Does the Global Economic Environment Influence the Demand for IMF Resources?

How Does the Global Economic Environment Influence the Demand for IMF Resources? »

Source: How Does the Global Economic Environment Influence the Demand for IMF Resources?

Volume/Issue: 2006/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451864991

Keywords: prediction, IMF lending capacity, IMF income position, probability, current account, predictions, current account balance, credit tranches, Global Outlook, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

The main objective of this paper is to quantify the relationship between the global economic environment and the number of Stand-By Arrangements (SBAs). The results suggest that oil prices, world interest rates, an...

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies »

Volume/Issue: 2010/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210794.001

ISBN: 9781455210794

Keywords: pension, retirement, health care, retirement age, Structure and Scope of Government: Other, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Deficit Surplus

With a modest recovery in the global economy underway, and amid rising concerns about the sharp increase in government debt in several countries, debate has increasingly focused on the need to identify and implemen...

Ambiguity, Transparency, and Institutional Strength

Ambiguity, Transparency, and Institutional Strength »

Volume/Issue: 2004/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Erbas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853896.001

ISBN: 9781451853896

Keywords: risk, Knightian uncertainty, vertical and horizontal integration, institutions, probability, probabilities, investors, investment decisions, expected value, Analysis of Collective Decision-Making: General

Institutional transparency makes future contingencies more easily predictable for investors. Greater transparency can be achieved through vertical and horizontal integration of policy rules, which may result in low...

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies
			: Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies : Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments »

Volume/Issue: 2012/289

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Christos Kotsogiannis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552942.001

ISBN: 9781475552942

Keywords: Environmental taxation, cap-and-trade, Pareto efficiency, border tax adjustments, carbon taxes, border tax, trade policies, trade taxes, Trade and Environment, General,

This paper explores the role of trade instruments in globally efficient climate policies, focusing on the central issue of whether some form of border tax adjustment (BTA) is warranted when carbon prices differ int...