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5 Adjusting to the New Realities

5 Adjusting to the New Realities »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

The MENA region, with the exception of the GCC countries, remains one of the most protectionist in the world. Furthermore, despite the remarkable growth in international trade over the past few decades, MENA...

Annex I

Annex I »

Source: The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

MENA at a Glance Coverage. The MENA region is defined to encompass the economies of the Arab League (Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon,...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the methodologies used to provide calculations of the impact of energy subsidy reform on CO2 emissions, SO2 emissions, and other local pollutants. Here we consider a scenario in which...

Un mundo mejor para todos
			: Avance hacia los Objetivos Mundiales de Desarrollo

Un mundo mejor para todos : Avance hacia los Objetivos Mundiales de Desarrollo »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2000

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451948912.071

ISBN: 9781451948912

Los economistas del FMI trabajan en estrecha colaboración con los países miembros sobre una variedad de temas. Con frecuencia comparten su perspectiva única sobre las experiencias de los distintos países y sobre pr...

Building on Progress
			: Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756251.071

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Countries in the Middle East and North Africa region have unprecedented opportunities for transforming their economies through accelerated economic growth, but the countries themselves must ensure the necessary con...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Countries in the Middle East and North Africa region have unprecedented opportunities for transforming their economies through accelerated economic growth, but the countries themselves must ensure the necessary con...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Countries in the Middle East and North Africa region have unprecedented opportunities for transforming their economies through accelerated economic growth, but the countries themselves must ensure the necessary con...

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Definition and Measurement Energy subsidies comprise both consumer and producer subsidies. Consumer subsidies arise when the prices paid by consumers, including both firms (intermedi...