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Annex I

Annex I »

Source: The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

MENA at a Glance Coverage. The MENA region is defined to encompass the economies of the Arab League (Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon,...

Appendix. Illustrative Labor Market Scenarios in GCC Countries, 1995-2010

Appendix. Illustrative Labor Market Scenarios in GCC Countries, 1995-2010 »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

Supply of Labor The supply for labor is projected on the basis of the World Bank estimates of working age population (World Development Indicators CD-ROM, 1997) and staff estimates o...

Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997

The Economy of the Middle East and North Africa in 1997 »

Series: Books

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Susan Fennell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757111.071

ISBN: 9781557757111

Keywords: oil prices, oil exporters, stock market, crude oil, natural gas

The economy of the Middle East and North Africa improved considerably in 1996, and remained favorable in 1997. This paper, by Mohamed A. El-Erian and Susan Fennell, presents an assessment of the recent experience o...

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption : A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2013/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Charap , Arthur Ribeiro da Silva , and Pedro Rodriguez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484367247

Keywords: subsidy, income elasticity, gasoline prices, environmental regulations, energy consumption, gasoline consumption, Models with Panel Data, Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies, General,

The economic and environmental implications of energy subsidies have received renewed attention from policymakers and economists in recent years. Nevertheless there remains significant uncertainty regarding the mag...

Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters

Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters

Volume/Issue: 2009/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Klaus-Stefan Enders

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872286

Keywords: Exchange rate, current account, real exchange, government spending, real exchange rate,

While the underlying methodologies continue to be widely debated and refined, there is little consensus on how to assess the equilibrium exchange rate of economies dominated by production of finite natural resource...

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

8.1 Introduction As the global economic crisis took hold, the GCC countries’ financial systems found themselves affected through contagion despite the relatively low direct exposure...

Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757128.071

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

This volume comprises two separate papers on key structural aspects of the reform process in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries. The first paper addresses issues related to financial intermediation and reform i...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

This volume comprises two separate papers on key structural aspects of the reform process in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries. The first paper addresses issues related to financial intermediation and reform i...

Financial Systems and Reform in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Financial Systems and Reform in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

Executive Summary • Since the end of the regional crisis in 1990-91, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) 1 financial systems have witnessed a rapid d...