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APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Empirical information concerning the direct effect of price and subsidy policy on income distribution is scarce and of questionable quality. In addition, existing studies do not cover a sufficient range of c...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

Attacking Air Pollution in Mexico City

Attacking Air Pollution in Mexico City »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1992

Volume/Issue: 29/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451951806

Keywords: poverty reduction, expenditures, expenditure, public expenditure, food subsidies

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

10 Can Indexed Debt Absolve Original Sin? The Role of Inflation-indexed Debt in Developing Local Currency Markets

10 Can Indexed Debt Absolve Original Sin? The Role of Inflation-indexed Debt in Developing Local Currency Markets »

Source: Financial Dollarization : The Policy Agenda

Series: Books

Author(s): Adrián Armas , Eduardo Levy Yeyati , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2006

ISBN: 9781403987594

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, foreign currency, central bank

10.1 Introduction The Latin American region can be characterized as one with significant levels of financial dollarization. The region’s inflation experience, with periods of high an...

Comments on Chapter 2

Comments on Chapter 2 »

Source: Financial Dollarization : The Policy Agenda

Series: Books

Author(s): Adrián Armas , Eduardo Levy Yeyati , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2006

ISBN: 9781403987594

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, foreign currency, central bank

Before focusing on dollarization, I would like to broaden the perspective by noting that it is part of the larger question of why emerging market borrowers tend to have ‘risky’ (crisis-prone) balance sheets....

Comments on Chapter 3

Comments on Chapter 3 »

Source: Financial Dollarization : The Policy Agenda

Series: Books

Author(s): Adrián Armas , Eduardo Levy Yeyati , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2006

ISBN: 9781403987594

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, foreign currency, central bank

One consequence of the sequence of emerging markets crises that started with the Mexican devaluation of 1994 is a widespread recognition of a need to revise exchange rate theory to take into account the role...

Comments on Chapter 4

Comments on Chapter 4 »

Source: Financial Dollarization : The Policy Agenda

Series: Books

Author(s): Adrián Armas , Eduardo Levy Yeyati , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2006

ISBN: 9781403987594

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, foreign currency, central bank

I want to focus my comments on the Nozaki and Rennhack paper. In particular, I would like to do three things. First, offer a very brief summary and discussion of their main results. Second, complement the fa...

Comments on Chapter 8

Comments on Chapter 8 »

Source: Financial Dollarization : The Policy Agenda

Series: Books

Author(s): Adrián Armas , Eduardo Levy Yeyati , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2006

ISBN: 9781403987594

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, foreign currency, central bank

The authors have embarked on the ambitious and welcome task of adapting the recommendations of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision to the problems arising in highly dollarized economies. The result is...

Comments on Chapters 5 and 6

Comments on Chapters 5 and 6 »

Source: Financial Dollarization : The Policy Agenda

Series: Books

Author(s): Adrián Armas , Eduardo Levy Yeyati , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2006

ISBN: 9781403987594

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, foreign currency, central bank

Dollarization presents a daunting task to central banks in many emerging market economies – all those countries where domestic money coexists with a foreign currency to which the domestic population had fled...