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Australia
			: Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757326.071

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

Australia's recent economic performance has been impressive. It has experienced steady growth since the early 1990s and inflation has averaged just 2 percent over the same period. This strong showing marks a depart...

2 Australia’s Long-Term Economic Performance

2 Australia’s Long-Term Economic Performance »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

For much of the postwar era, Australia’s economic performance has been relatively disappointing. From the 1960s through the 1980s, per capita growth rates were significantly lower than those of other industr...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

Australia's recent economic performance has been impressive. It has experienced steady growth since the early 1990s and inflation has averaged just 2 percent over the same period. This strong showing marks a depart...

De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China

De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China »

Source: De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China

Volume/Issue: 2012/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashvin Ahuja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502275

Keywords: Aggregate Productivity, monopoly, tfp, gdp per capita, competitive equilibrium, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth And Aggregate Productivity,

During the past decade, the average Chinese earns roughly 9 times less and is 10 times less productive than the average American at purchasing power parity. Current consensus attributes large differences in output...

Financial Intermediation Costs in Low-Income Countries

Financial Intermediation Costs in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Financial Intermediation Costs in Low-Income Countries : The Role of Regulatory, Institutional, and Macroeconomic Factors

Volume/Issue: 2012/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503937

Keywords: Net Interest Margins, Low Income Countries, Emerging Economies, market concentration, banking, net interest margin, competition, bank entry

We analyze factors driving persistently higher financial intermediation costs in low-income countries (LICs) relative to emerging market (EMs) country comparators. Using the net interest margin as a proxy for finan...

I Economic Implications of the Uruguay Round

I Economic Implications of the Uruguay Round »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

The Final Act of the Uruguay Round was signed in Marrakesh in April 1994, bringing to a conclusion the eighth and most ambitious set of multilateral trade negotiations. One hundred and twenty-five countries...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Since the early 1990s, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made significant progress in opening their economies to external competition through trade and exchange liberalization, often in...

II Eastern and Southern Africa: Broad Characteristics of the Region

II Eastern and Southern Africa: Broad Characteristics of the Region »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

The 22 eastern and southern African countries covered in this study vary considerably in population, size, and economic profile (Table 2.1). Population size varies from fewer than 80,000 people...

II Trade Reforms in Fund-Supported Programs

II Trade Reforms in Fund-Supported Programs »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Trade reforms are being increasingly featured in the design of adjustment programs supported by Fund resources. This paper reviews the trade policy content of Fund-supported programs approved in the period 1...

III Antidumping: Solution or Problem in the 1990s?

III Antidumping: Solution or Problem in the 1990s? »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Antidumping is by far the most frequently used (GATT-legal) instrument of administered or contingent protection 2 among industrial countries, and its use has been spreading in rec...