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Controlling Pollution
			: Using Taxes and Tradable Permits

Controlling Pollution : Using Taxes and Tradable Permits »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Valerie Reppelin , and John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2001

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060043.051

ISBN: 9781589060043

Keywords: tradable permits, pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide emissions, pollutant, pollution control, emission, greenhouse gas, tradable permit, dioxide emissions

Explores different ways of controlling pollution through -green-taxes or permits, and evaluates their advantages and disadvantages. While many countries use environmental taxes, interest in tradable permits is grow...

External Debt Statistics
			: Guide for Compilers and Users

External Debt Statistics : Guide for Compilers and Users »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2005

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063013.069

ISBN: 9781589063013

Keywords: debt, external debt, interest, payments, liabilities, loans, creditor, external debt position, debt reduction, creditors

This Guide provides clear, up-to-date guidance on the concepts, definitions, and classifications of the gross external debt of the public and private sectors, and on the sources, compilation techniques, and analyti...

Preserving Financial Stability

Preserving Financial Stability »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2006

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065017.051

ISBN: 9781589065017

Keywords: financial stability, financial system, financial institutions, financial markets, financial services, financial instability, financial systems, bond, moral hazard, financial market

Spurred by advances in information and computer technologies, financial liberalization and innovation took off inthe late 1970s. Although the changes in financial markets have been beneficial overall, our understan...

World Economic Outlook, April 2008
			: Housing and the Business Cycle

World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2008

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504947666.081

ISBN: 9787504947666

Keywords: Balance of payments, Exchange rates, Labor markets, National accounts, Prices, commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

The global expansion is losing speed in the face of a major financial crisis. The slowdown has been greatest in the advanced economies, particularly in the United States, where the housing market correction continu...

World Economic Outlook, April 2010
			: Rebalancing Growth

World Economic Outlook, April 2010 : Rebalancing Growth »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2010

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069558.081

ISBN: 9781589069558

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, current account, current account surplus, employment growth, domestic demand, commodity prices, output growth, current account balance

The global economic recovery is progressing better than expected, but the speed of recovery varies, as outlined in the April 2010 World Economic Outlook. Some countries, notably in Asia, are off to a strong start,...

World Economic Outlook, April 2011
			: Tensions from the Two-Speed Recovery:  Unemployment, Commodities, and Capital Flows

World Economic Outlook, April 2011 : Tensions from the Two-Speed Recovery: Unemployment, Commodities, and Capital Flows »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504961334.081

ISBN: 9787504961334

Keywords: capital flows, net capital flows, private capital flows, inflation, commodity prices, oil demand, private capital, net capital, oil supply, oil production

The World Economic Outlook (WEO) presents the IMF's leading economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium terms. It is a respected, one-stop, trusted resource offering remarkable...

World Economic Outlook, September 2003
			: Public Debt in Emerging Markets

World Economic Outlook, September 2003 : Public Debt in Emerging Markets »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2004

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504933430.081

ISBN: 9787504933430

Keywords: debt, public debt, exchange rate, external debt, interest, current account, debtor countries, payments, fiscal policy, external financing

The World Economic Outlook, published twice a year in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic, presents IMF staff economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term. Chapters give an...