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The Baltic Countries
			: Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061040.084

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Ten years after regaining independence, the Baltic Countries--Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania--are expected to be invited to join the European Union (EU) and NATO in 2004. This paper provides a macroeconomic perspec...

Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754868.084

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Sweden's economy in the early 1990s has been characterized by a deep recession, high unemployment, a ballooning public sector budgete deficit, and a decline in the value of the currency- developments that have rais...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Sweden's economy in the early 1990s has been characterized by a deep recession, high unemployment, a ballooning public sector budgete deficit, and a decline in the value of the currency- developments that have rais...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Sweden's economy in the early 1990s has been characterized by a deep recession, high unemployment, a ballooning public sector budgete deficit, and a decline in the value of the currency- developments that have rais...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Managing the Oil Revenue Boom : The Role of Fiscal Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Rolando Ossowski , Theo Thomas , and Paulo Medas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067189

Keywords: Financial institutions, Oil revenues, oil-producing countries, fiscal policy, oil prices, fiscal rules

Oil-producing countries have benefited from rising oil prices in recent years, with important implications for their external and fiscal balances. The average price of oil tripled from US$18 a barrel in 1999...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

In December 1989, with the fall of Nicolae Ceausescu, Romania reached a turning point in its history. The provisional Government that took over announced immediately a sharp and permanent break with the past...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Ten years after regaining independence, the three Baltic countries—Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania—are on the verge of acceding to the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Ov...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Sweden’s macroeconomic performance in the early 1990s differed in a number of fundamental respects from its performance during most of the postwar period. Distinctive features of macroeconomic developments i...

II Recession and Recovery in the 1990s

II Recession and Recovery in the 1990s »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

After almost a decade of expansion in the 1980s, the Swedish economy entered into a deep recession beginning in the first quarter of 1990. The cumulative decline in output during this recession, which lasted...

II The Current Fiscal Position

II The Current Fiscal Position »

Source: The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Fiscal policy represents the main macroeconomic policy instrument at the disposal of the authorities in the Baltics. This is due to their decision to anchor their macroeconomic stabilization efforts with the...