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Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment »

Source: Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment

Volume/Issue: 1998/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451856613

Keywords: abatement, marginal cost of public funds, pollution taxation, public goods, Samuelson rule, second-best, public spending, environment, environmental quality, taxation

The paper studies the setting of optimal fiscal policy in a second-best world with environmental externalities. The optimal second-best pollution tax is shown to lie below the first-best Pigovian tax, particularly...

Introduction

Introduction »

Source: Fiscal Dimensions of Sustainable Development

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2002

ISBN: 9781589061590

Keywords: fiscal policy, public spending, expenditure, sustainable development, public expenditure

One of the challenges facing the international community is to achieve sustainable development. Sustainable development has three pillars— economic development, social development, and environmental protecti...

Fiscal Policy and Growth

Fiscal Policy and Growth »

Source: Fiscal Dimensions of Sustainable Development

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2002

ISBN: 9781589061590

Keywords: fiscal policy, public spending, expenditure, sustainable development, public expenditure

Economic Growth, Sustainable Development, and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Economic growth is essential for sustainable development and improving social outcomes....

Fiscal Policy for a Sustainable Environment

Fiscal Policy for a Sustainable Environment »

Source: Fiscal Dimensions of Sustainable Development

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2002

ISBN: 9781589061590

Keywords: fiscal policy, public spending, expenditure, sustainable development, public expenditure

In both developed and developing countries, fiscal policy has an important role to play in assuring sustainable use of natural resources and safeguarding the environment. This applies to both the tax and spe...

Fiscal Policy, Human Development, and the MDGs

Fiscal Policy, Human Development, and the MDGs »

Source: Fiscal Dimensions of Sustainable Development

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2002

ISBN: 9781589061590

Keywords: fiscal policy, public spending, expenditure, sustainable development, public expenditure

Public Spending on Education and Health Care and the MDGs Government expenditure policy will have a key role in determining whether countries meet the MDGs. In many countries, the go...

Governance and Sustainable Development

Governance and Sustainable Development »

Source: Fiscal Dimensions of Sustainable Development

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2002

ISBN: 9781589061590

Keywords: fiscal policy, public spending, expenditure, sustainable development, public expenditure

Poor governance poses a number of obstacles to human development. 52 Corruption results in the allocation of budgetary resources for unproductive programs and inefficiencies in pu...

Moving Forward

Moving Forward »

Source: Fiscal Dimensions of Sustainable Development

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2002

ISBN: 9781589061590

Keywords: fiscal policy, public spending, expenditure, sustainable development, public expenditure

There are many economic, social, and environmental challenges along the path to sustainable development, and there is no panacea to address them all. Rather, accelerated development will require progress in...

Honduras

Honduras »

Source: Honduras : Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2005/12

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451817089

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, macroeconomic framework, public spending, poverty reduction strategy paper, tax reform

The paper discusses the Joint Staff Assessment (JSA) of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Progress Report for Honduras. The first PRSP Progress Report of the Government of Honduras presents a complete rev...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan

Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan »

Source: Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan : Why, When, How?

Volume/Issue: 2011/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Kenneth Kang , Michael Keen , Mahmood Pradhan , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 2011

ISBN: 9781463902889

Keywords: Consumption taxes, Revenue measures, Japan, Tax increases, Tax revenues, Value added tax, Consumption tax, VAT, fiscal adjustment, social security

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...