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3 The Deterioration of the Current Account

3 The Deterioration of the Current Account »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

Australia has recorded current account deficits for most of the postwar period. From the 1950s through the 1970s, these deficits were relatively small and reflected a high level of investment associated with...

4 National Saving

4 National Saving »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

National saving has declined sharply since the mid-1970s. About three-quarters of this decline can be attributed to the public sector, particularly the Commonwealth government (Table 4.1). Private saving has...

5 Inflation and Monetary Policy Reform

5 Inflation and Monetary Policy Reform »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

A key feature of Australia’s economic performance in the 1970s and for most of the 1980s was relatively high inflation. In the 1970s, inflation rose more sharply than in other OECD countries and, in the 1980...

6 The Labor Market

6 The Labor Market »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

Policymakers are focused on the labor market because of unemployment, which has shown a strong upward trend since the mid-1970s, rising from a rate of about 2 percent to about 8 percent by the end of 1997. T...

7 Product Market Reform

7 Product Market Reform »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

One of the most important reasons for Australia’s relatively poor productivity performance in the 1970s and 1980s discussed in Chapter 2 was the historical lack of openness of the economy, owing to high impo...

8 Medium-Term Outlook for Potential Growth

8 Medium-Term Outlook for Potential Growth »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

The comprehensive reforms initiated in the mid-1980s, and accelerated in the 1990s, are expected to bring significant gains to the Australian economy over the medium term. Empirical studies have estimated th...

Anexo A. Perspectiva do Conselho sobre Questões Relevantes

Anexo A. Perspectiva do Conselho sobre Questões Relevantes »

Source: Uma Avaliação sobre : o FMI e a Ajuda à África Subsariana

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781451922752

Keywords: expenditures, debt, expenditure, current account, public expenditure, fiscal deficit, survey, inflation, payments, interest

1. Este anexo apresenta o contexto das discussões do Conselho de Administração sobre os tópicos abordados no texto principal, principalmente através de citações directas das observações finais e resumos do P...

Anexo B. Análise Quantitativa

Anexo B. Análise Quantitativa »

Source: Uma Avaliação sobre : o FMI e a Ajuda à África Subsariana

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781451922752

Keywords: expenditures, debt, expenditure, current account, public expenditure, fiscal deficit, survey, inflation, payments, interest

1. Este anexo amplia e aprofunda a análise empírica apresentada nos Capítulos IIA e IIB do relatório principal. Ele aborda alguns desenvolvimentos ao longo do tempo, e fornece dados adicionais sobre as varia...

Anexo C. Análises Internas: Metodologia e Principais Conclusões

Anexo C. Análises Internas: Metodologia e Principais Conclusões »

Source: Uma Avaliação sobre : o FMI e a Ajuda à África Subsariana

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781451922752

Keywords: expenditures, debt, expenditure, current account, public expenditure, fiscal deficit, survey, inflation, payments, interest

1. Este anexo apresenta dados reunidos durante o trabalho de análise interna de 14 países da África Subsariana com programas apoiados pelo PRGF. Também sublinha a metodologia usada pela equipa de avaliação n...

Anexo D. Estudos de Caso Dos Paínos Programas dos Principais Beneficiários da Ajuda

Anexo D. Estudos de Caso Dos Paínos Programas dos Principais Beneficiários da Ajuda »

Source: Uma Avaliação sobre : o FMI e a Ajuda à África Subsariana

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781451922752

Keywords: expenditures, debt, expenditure, current account, public expenditure, fiscal deficit, survey, inflation, payments, interest

1. Este anexo descreve o contexto e a evolução da concepção dos programas em cinco dos maiores beneficiários da ajuda: Burquina Faso, Gana, Moçambique, Ruanda, e Tanzânia. 41 Ele...