Search Results

You are looking at 31 - 37 of 37 items

  • Keyword: public spending x
Clear All Modify Search
Namibia
			: Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation.

Namibia : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation. »

Volume/Issue: 2012/41

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463939755.002

ISBN: 9781463939755

Keywords: public debt, current account, fiscal stance, public spending

Namibia's government has launched a major three-year fiscal initiative in 2011 aimed at increasing growth and employment. Public debt is rising rapidly, from a low base. The authorities intend to unwind the fiscal...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Aspects budgétaires du développement durable : Le Sommet mondial sur le développement durable

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 2002

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589061606

Keywords: fiscal policy, public spending, expenditure, sustainable development, public expenditure, primary education, forest, health care, government expenditure, government spending

Fiscal policy affects sustainable development through its effects on growth, the environment, and resource development. What are the relationships between fiscal policy and sustainable development, and how does the...

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment »

Volume/Issue: 1998/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856613.001

ISBN: 9781451856613

Keywords: abatement, marginal cost of public funds, pollution taxation, public goods, Samuelson rule, second-best, public spending, environment, environmental quality, taxation

The paper studies the setting of optimal fiscal policy in a second-best world with environmental externalities. The optimal second-best pollution tax is shown to lie below the first-best Pigovian tax, particularly...

Honduras
			: Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Honduras : Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2005/12

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451817089.002

ISBN: 9781451817089

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, macroeconomic framework, public spending, poverty reduction strategy paper, tax reform

The paper discusses the Joint Staff Assessment (JSA) of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Progress Report for Honduras. The first PRSP Progress Report of the Government of Honduras presents a complete rev...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending
			: Theory and Evidence

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475580747.001

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan
			: Why, When, How?

Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan : Why, When, How? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Kenneth Kang , Michael Keen , Mahmood Pradhan , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902889.006

ISBN: 9781463902889

Keywords: Consumption taxes, Revenue measures, Japan, Tax increases, Tax revenues, Value added tax, Consumption tax, VAT, fiscal adjustment, social security

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Investing in Public Investment
			: An Index of Public Investment Efficiency

Investing in Public Investment : An Index of Public Investment Efficiency »

Volume/Issue: 2011/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zac Mills , Annette Kyobe , Jim Brumby , Chris Papageorgiou , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455217892.001

ISBN: 9781455217892

Keywords: public investment management, project appraisal, selection, implementation, and evaluation, growth, investment management, budget institutions, investment projects, investment spending

This paper introduces a new index that captures the institutional environment underpinning public investment management across four different stages: project appraisal, selection, implementation, and evaluation. Co...